IELTS MASTER | IELTS Writing Test 12

IELTS Writing Test 12

Cambridge IELTS Tests 1 to 13

Task 1: The chart below shows male and female fitness membership between 1970 and 2000.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.




Task 2: As a country develops, people tend to buy more cars. Do the advantages for the individual outweigh the disadvantages for the environment?

Write at least 250 words.

Cambridge IELTS Tests 1 to 13


24 responses to “IELTS Writing Test 12”

  1. Zoya abrar says:

    Hello, admin one of the difficult graphs…

    Please see my answer:-

    The bar chart provides information on the number of males and females who had fitness membership from 1970 to 2000. Overall, the fitness center had the highest number of men and from 1970 to 1980, and 1995, whereas the fitness club accounted for the most number of women in 1985, 1990, and 2000. Both men and women membership number showed ups and downs through the period given.

    As can be seen from the graph, there were exactly one thousand and 2000 women’s who were affiliated with fitness club in 1970 and 1975, being twofold and threefold higher than men. Similarly, the number of males was significantly higher in contrast to the females in 1995, whilst a slight difference of 500 points can be seen in the year 1980.

    In terms of the years 1985 and 2000, the number of female members were exactly twice than males. On the other hand, the fitness center witnessed roughly fifty number of more females in the year 1980 compared to the males that year.

  2. Prasanna says:

    Purchasing more and more vehicles has become the norm of the people as people are becoming prosperous day by day. While this is beneficial to individual who own the car it will pose a greater threat to the environment according to some people. I agree with this opinion and to support that will be discussing benefits to individuals and harm caused to environment in the following paragraphs.
    In good old days cars were a status symbol. However, now the ownership is more for convenience rather than for status. Having your own car can considerably lower the time that you waste for long distant transport if the public transport is not developed. You do not have to plan tours in advance as your car is at your disposal and the hassle of taking back heavy packages in trains and buses will be greatly reduced if you are in possession of a car.
    However, since more and more vehicles are pouring to the roads there is a greater risk of environment pollution. Since many vehicles are still running on gasoline or diesel, this will inevitably increase the level of carbon dioxide and other harmful gases released to the environment causing respiratory related deceases to rise up among the masses as well as causing the atmosphere to heat up resulting in more and more unlivable places. Increasing traffic has reduced the traffic moving speed to a single figure in many mega-cities and expectation of buying a car has not being met for many due to this reason. Moreover, it has become the leading cause for noise pollution in many localities.
    So as discussed in previous paragraphs I would like to conclude that the disadvantages to the environment due to increased car ownership outweigh the benefits to the individual and hence it is needed to give a second thought before buying a new car.

    • IELTS MASTER says:

      Norm for the people not of the people. Who owns the car not own the car. Pouring on the roads not to the roads. Since you agree with one side of the argument so try to give more points for that side, in this essay you have written equally for both sides.

  3. Haruna Adamu says:

    The given chart illustrates the number of men and women in a physical activity club from 1970 to 2000.
    Overall, it can be seen from the chart that the males were more dominant than the females in most of the years but the females were the highest at the end of the period.

    At the beginning of the period, the number of men and women in the fitness membership in 1970, were exactly 2000 and 1000 respectively, both doubled in their numbers in 1975, but in 1980, the males group reduced to 2500 while the females also decreased slightly to around 1900.

    However, the women overtook the men in 1985, with the former having almost 3000 and the latter nearly 2000 members. The females declined to about 2100 but still were the majority and the males increased slightly above 2000 in 1990, whereas in 1995, the men showed a dramatic come back increasing to 5000 members being the highest in all the years and women also increased to around 2900, but at the end of the period in 2000, the females declined to 2000 and the males decreased drastically to 1000 being the least.

    • IELTS MASTER says:

      Do not use words like highest largest when comparing two categories only instead use higher or more. In 1970 men were slightly more than 2000 not exactly. 2500 while the females, here while should not be used because while is used when you want to depict opposite trend but here the number has decreased for both men and women. In 1985 it is not nearly 2000 it is well below 2000.

      • Haruna Adamu says:

        Yes I just look at it again, ‘while’ should be replace by ‘and’, below 3000 and 2000 respectively .
        Thanks for your corrections

  4. Sayali Vaidya says:

    The bar graph represents the number of men and women fitness membership from the year 1970 and 2000.

    Overall, the number of men who participated in fitness membership was highest.

    In the year 1970, 2000 number of the male was present, which was twofold in the year 1975. The same trend was seen for women. In 1970, there was 1000 and in the year 1975, it was doubled.

    In 1980 and 1985, the decreaasing trend was followed by men. In the year 1985, the number of women participating in fitness membership was more than men. Whereas, in the year 1990, there was an approximately equal number of men and women in fitness membership.

    In 1995, there was a significant increase in the number of men who participated in fitness membership which rose to 5000. At the same time, the number of women was near about more than half to that of men. In the year 2000, there was a rapid decrease in the number of male who fell down to 1000. On the other hand, in the same year, a male was more than male.

    Dear Sir,
    Please give me Band score for this task!

    • IELTS MASTER says:

      It is from the year 1970 to 2000, not 1970 and 2000, and means data is only for these two years. In 1970 the number of male members was just over 2000 not 2000. There were 1000 members, not was 1000 because 1000 is more than one therefore were should be used here, and you have written numbers only like 2000 and 1000 but these are what, these are 1000 members which is missing in your task. Spelling of decreasing is wrong. You have not used objects correctly in this sentence for example ‘number of male who fell down to’ male did not fall number of male members declined. Please watch this lesson of our on how to attempt bar chart and see the difference between your sentence structure and our sentence structure. There is no variety in your sentence structure which is big negative if you want to score high bands in IELTS. For this task you will get 1-1.5 out of 3 with more chances of 1.

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zIBUOHdFKII

  5. Preetham says:

    The chart illustrates male and female fitness membership from the year 1970 to 2000.
    Overall,the year 1995 had the highest number of males who took the membership compared to all the years mentioned.Furthermore we can see highest number of females who had the fitness membership in the year 1985 and 1995.
    It is evident from the graph that the number of males and females who took the fitness membership does not seem to follow a particular trend during the period 1970 to 2000.There were 5000 men who had the fitness membership in 1995 which is the highest when compared to rest of the years.The lowest trend could be seen in the year 2000 where there were only 1000 men who took the membership.The year 1985 and 1995 had the highest number of women just above 2500 who had the fitness membership.
    If we observe the trend for every 5 years,men dominated the number of women who had the membership from 1975 to 1980 and we can see that the women took over the men in the year 1985.The statistics were almost same in 1990 just above 2000.The year 1995 had the highest trend in men and the lowest in 2000.

    • IELTS MASTER says:

      ‘can see highest’ always use the with words like highest and lowest. ‘membership does not seem to follow a particular trend’ it should be in past tense because data is of past so write did not follow any particular trend or better to write it followed an erratic trend. You have used present tense in this task for example ‘is’ which is wrong since all the data is of past so use was instead of is in the task. ‘The lowest trend could be seen’ trend cannot be lowest or highest, rather the number of members was the lowest. ‘men dominated the number of women’ better way to write is that men outnumbered women as far as fitness membership was concerned. .The year 1995 had the highest trend’ highest trend is wrong.

  6. Rinal kansara says:

    The bar graph reveals the number of men and women of fitness center within a timespan of three decades.

    Overall,maximum number of men had membership of fitness centre,while least number of women were members of fitness center over the period of 30 years.

    According to the graph,the number of men who indulged in physical activity where nearly 2100 in 1970 and then after five years, it swelled quickly 4000.In contrast,number of men reduced and varied from 1800 to 2500 until one decade and subsequently it inclined drastically and reached its zenith,5000 men in 1995 before declining drastically to 1000 in 2000.

    As per the graph,there were about 1000 females in 1970. Afterwards,the figure of number of women soared 2000women in 1975 and it kissed the high point and peaked at around 2800women after 10 years. Furthermore,in the year of 1990 the pattern of number of women went down South roughly 2200 women. Moreover,number of females who joined fitness club dived from around 2800women in 1995 to 2000 women in 2000.

    • IELTS MASTER says:

      ‘it swelled quickly 4000’ instead write it rose to 4000. ‘In contrast,number of men reduced and varied from 1800 to 2500 until one decade’ 1800 is for women not men in 1980. You make this mistake often of interpreting the numbers wrong. ‘As per the graph,there were about 1000 females in 1970’ females what? female who took fitness membership.

  7. Rinal kansara says:

    There is no doubt that number of cars have been increasing at startling pace across the globe.Since people utilize car in their day to day life,it has detrimental effect on the environment. While some people advocate that there are more benefits of having own car, some individuals believe that it raises pollution on the earth.But I support the latter notion and in the following section both views will be discussed.

    To commence with,car is one of the biggest factor to engender pollution because it runs on fuels such as oil,diesel,pertrol.Moreover,smoke of car emitts carbon dioxide in environment which affects the global worning,spreads pollution and raises temperature.Hence,the day will not far when the earth will become a boiling pot and it will certainly arduous for humans to survive on the earth. Secondly,individuals rely on natural resources but all natural resources are non renewable.Therefore,if people use it more,nothing will left for our children.To illustrate,in India,in the state of Maharashtra,plenty of people have been using solar bikes since 2 years to reduce pollution and save natural resources because now a days,technology has become corner stone of this modern world and plethora of companies are manufacturing new models ofsolar bikes every years.Consequently, scients have analyzed 50% reduction of air pollution.

    On the contrary,increasing number of cars have several advantages because it has made convenient journey.If people have family trip,it is cheaper than public transport.Moreover,it provides door to door facilities as well as it saves the traveling time and people can reach at destination soon than public transport.Also,it is a livelihood for people.For instance,in India,every banks aquire car loan to all Indian people to buy they desire car and some people have been doing own business of driving and they earn good money.

    To recapitulate, although car is a faster than public transport and it useful for individuals,it cause pollution which affects the green house effect and it will certainly ruin our natural resources.So,disadvanges outweigh its advantages.

    • IELTS MASTER says:

      ‘one of the biggest factor’ factors not factor. ‘smoke of car emits carbon dioxide’ smoke contains carbon dioxide not emits. ‘global worning’ warming. ‘the day will not far’ day is not far. ‘nothing will left for’ nothing will be left. ‘scients’ ? ‘destination soon than public’ sooner not soon, with than always comparison words are used like sooner later etc.’banks aquire car loan to all Indian people’ banks give loan not acquire, people acquire loan. ‘it cause pollution’ causes not cause. In the last line there should not a comma after so.

  8. pinksushi says:

    A number of trends develop in a society as a country progress economically. One of them is to make the mode of travelling easy for oneself. Some people argue that pros for an individual outweigh the cons for the environment. I tend to disagree with this statement and in this essay I will support my opinion with examples.
    On one hand, let us consider the advantages for a person owning a personal car. Having a private car means easy and efficient travelling. The person has not to spend tedious hours waiting for a bus to come. In this way, he could save his time and can spend his precious hours in doing work. Also, he has not to walk up to a bus stand in a bad weather for catching a bus. Having a car can also act as a blessing in emergencies. For instance, if a member at home has a heart attack then it would be more beneficial to travel to the hospital than to waste time and wait for an ambulance. Thus, a car could be advantageous for a person in routine and emergency situations.
    On the other hand, the disadvantages will assist my opinion. Firstly, high proportion of cars leads to an increase in pollution everyday. These cars give out toxic gases like carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide which are detrimental for our environment. It is causing GREEN HOUSE EFFECT and leading to ozone layer destruction. Secondly, higher number of private transport means causes traffic congestion in highly populated cities. This could lead to an impatient society as the peace of public places would be destroyed due to heavy traffic.
    In addition, possessing a personal car can also damage the owner’s health as he would prefer travelling on his car as compared to walking even to nearby places. In other words, presence of a car can make a person lazy and sluggish.
    In conclusion, although everyone love to have a car of his own but I believe the disadvantages of this situation are far more serious. It could have, as discussed, a devastating effect not only on environment and society but also on individual’s health in the long run.

    • IELTS MASTER says:

      ‘country progress economically’ progresses not progress. ‘One of them’ these not them, them is always used for human beings. You did not mention car which is the main subject of the statement. ‘The person has not to spend’ grammatically wrong, the person does not have to spend. ‘he has not to walk’ same mistake. ‘will assist my opinion’ better word is validate my opinion. Instead of giving disadvantages for a person of a car try to give more harmful effects on the environment because that is being asked in the statement and not about person’s health.

  9. deep says:

    The given bar graph highlights information about male and female who joined fitness membership for the period 1970 to 2000
    Overall, it is evident from the chart that maximum number of men who had joined the fitness membership as compared to women.
    Women’s membership of fitness in 1970 stood at 1000, and in following year, it was exactly 2000. In both year 1985 and 1995, women had joined the fitness membership at same rate which was closed to 3000. However, in 2000, it had decreased and stood at 2000.
    While for men’s fitness membership the trend could be best described as erratic. In 1970, it wad stood at 2000 which increased by twofold im following year. From 1980 to 1990, interest of men in membership was inconsistent. In 1995, Men showed a great interest in fitness and it had reached a peak which touched 5000. However, in 2000, there was a sharp decline in men’s membership and ot was exactly 1000.

    dear sir, plz give band for this

    • IELTS MASTER says:

      ‘that maximum number of men’ not maximum but more number of men, when comparing only two categories more and less words are used not words like maximum minimum or most and least. ‘In both year 1985 and 1995’ years not year since two years. ‘In 1970, it wad stood at 2000’ was should not come here. ‘wad stood at 2000 which increased by twofold im following year’ there is no following year after 2000, 2000 is the last year on the graph. This attempt will get maximum of 5.5 bands

  10. deep says:

     As countries develop, more and more people buy and use their own cars. Do the advantages for individuals outweigh the disadvantages for the environment?

    It is irrefutable that car is a comfortable mode of transport as compared to other public transport and it provides flexible service. With the development of country, people are buying more cars and some people consider that cars are indispensable and worthwhile. Although there are certain advantages associated with this trend, the downsides in this case seem to outweigh the upsides.
    It goes without saying that it is prominent mode at the time of emergency. for example, if people face any health problem then this mode of transport provides service immediately rather than other modes. Apart from that, in bygone time, people spent a lot of time to wait the bus but now they save lot of time by using their own cars.
    On the other hand, nowadays by development of country, banks are rendering the service of car’s loan and manufacturers provide installment service, that’s the reason, people afford car easily.
    Despite these advantages, however, it is catastrophic for our environment. Moreover people will have to endure tremendous effects. With more cars, pollution will burgeon and toxic winds can create big problems for people’s health. What is more, parking problems have also to combat by people, while by this many occurrence have been happened.
    In conclusion, although some people highlight the advantages of this, I believe, if everyone will have their own car then pollution will be soared and it creates innumerable effects on our life.

    • IELTS MASTER says:

      Your introduction is incorrect because you have mentioned advantages and disadvantages both for persons but in the task the disadvantages are considered for the environment and not persons. ‘spent a lot of time to wait the bus’ wait for the bus. ‘people afford car easily.’ people can afford car. ‘problems have also to combat’ have also to be combated. You need to write a better conclusion. Please watch our tutorial on how to attempt task 2 it will help you a lot in your next attempt. The link to the tutorial is given below:

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A0_23FBCnMY

  11. Aisha says:

    Without a doubt there are contrasting viewpoints on whether people should buy and use personal cars or not. Some people claim that car ownership is necessary for efficient and fruitful life; while others say that growing number of cars will entail harm for the environment. This essay will consider both advantages and disadvantages and present my opinion on this issue.
    First of all, it is important to understand the benefits of widespread use of personal transport. The constant growth of cities and lack of time force people to buy cars more often, which can provide fast and comfortable transportation. On the other hand, too many cars on the road can lead to traffic congestion, especially during the rush hour, therefore any movements may be impossible and people will just waste their time.
    The fact that the number of cars is gradually growing every year greatly affects the environment and ecology. The most important factor is automobile exhausts that pollute the atmosphere almost to a critical level. The harmful impact of car manufacturing plants on the state of air, water and soil should not be forgotten. This already led to the fact that global ecological situation is getting worse every day. If the government does not take matters into their own hands, the problem will have irreversible consequences. And these consequences will not only concern individual’s health with increasing incidence of chronic diseases, allergies and malignant tumors , but also will affect life in a global scale and may even lead to climate change on the entire planet.
    In conclusion, I would like to say that temporary conveniences can’t outmatch long-term and possibly irreversibly negative effects on human health and life in general.

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