IELTS MASTER | IELTS Writing Test 102

IELTS Writing Test 102

Task 1: The chart below shows the value of one country’s exports in various categories during 2015 and 2016. The table shows the percentage change in each category of exports in 2016 compared with 2015. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Task 2: Some people say that the main environmental problem of our time is the loss of particular species of plants and animals. Others say that there are more important environmental problems. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

35 responses to “IELTS Writing Test 102”

  1. Onwuakpa Nnaemeka Franklin says:

    Some people believe that extinction of certain species of plants and animals is the most important environmental problem facing the world today, while others are of the opinion that there are more significant ones that could lead to dangerous environmental issues. In my opinion, focus should be on other deleterious factors that affect the environment as a whole rather than concentrating on just few animal and plant species.

    Admittedly, animal poaching and deforestation in the past have led to loss of some important species of plants and animals. However, many countries in the world today have laws, policies, rules and regulations that protect the remaining species from these activities . As a result, they have become less significant problems in our environment. These days, animal species at risk are usually kept in the zoos, while for the plants, protective mechanisms are put in place to regulate unscrupulous human activities in the forests.

    On the other hand, climatic changes recently have posed serious environmental difficulties for humans, as well as plants and other animals that inhabit the earth. Therefore, more emphasis should be on ways to prevent these deleterious problems such as flooding, global warming, earthquakes and so on. They are consequences of certain human environmental practices including Bush burning, deforestation and other related practices. This will be extremely beneficial to all species of plants and the animals which humans constitute a greater part.

    In conclusion, although some people think that protecting certain endangered animal and plant species will be more beneficial to the environment, I maintain that more attention should be paid on the environmental changes that affects us as a whole. By so doing, the future for all will be assured.

    • IELTS MASTER says:

      Your introduction is not correct, you have simply used the words from the question statement which is the biggest mistake a student can make in starting his essay. Your 1 band is gone here with this kind of introduction. ‘As a result, they have become less significant problems in our environment’ is incorrect because in the previous statement you are talking about species so in this sentence they would refer to these species and species cannot become less significant. Environmental changes that affect not affects. By doing so not so doing. Future of all not for all, rather than assured write better.

  2. Onwuakpa nnaemeka Franklin says:

    The chart illustrates how a country’s exports in five different categories are valued in 2015 and 2016, while the table gives information on the proportion of change in values at the end of the year. Units for the value of the products for exports are measured in $billion.

    Overall, all the categories increased in value over the one year period except for germs and jewellery which decreased in value. On the other hand, the percentage change in value was the highest in textiles and least in agricultural products by 2016.

    Regarding petroleum products, value of export increased slightly from $60 billion in 2015 to just above this in 2016. In contrast, engineered goods and textiles showed a significant rise in there values by approximately $5billion, finishing at around $62billion and $32% respectively in 2016. However, the value of agricultural products remained relatively stable at slightly above $30billion while gems and jewellery declined marginally by about $2billion at the end of 2 year period.

    Concerning the proportion of change in value of the products from 2015 to 2016, textiles recorded the highest at 15.4% compared to agricultural products which finished least at 0.18%. Gems and jewellery decreased by 5.18% while the percentage change in value of engineered goods was approximately 3 times that of the petroleum products.

    • IELTS MASTER says:

      Categories were valued not are because data is from past. Rather than writing $ billion write USD billion. Its gems not germs. The least not least always use the with words like most, least, highest, lowest etc. Any increase in billions is never slight. $32% is incorrect way of writing. Decreased by 5.18 percentage points not 5.18%.

  3. Onwuakpa nnaemeka Franklin says:

    Please help me evaluate the essays I posted here.


  4. Serife says:

    It is considered by some that decreasing in the number of fauna and flora species is the most severe issue in terms of the ecosystem while opponents believe that they have other serious problems. In my opinion, extinctions of some living begins are a major problem of the environment, I agree with the second view.

    There is no doubt that species of animals and plants have been decreasing due to human-induced issues like overhunting, overfishing or some agricultural activities. All of them reduce the power and diversity of the environment. For example, people in a specific area use some pesticides in order to kill insects, however, this leads to decline in the fertility of the soil and plants could not grow as before. That is because some useful worms or bugs have already died. Similarly, hunting the animals or fish uncontrollably causes to extinct the generation of these creatures.

    On the other hand, there are numerous reasons which damage to nature such as global warming, pollutions, and deforestation. Melting of polar ice caps, increasing water levels in oceans, air, water, and land pollutions as well decreasing of forests are some of them. Not only do they harm to the environment, but also people are in serious danger. For instance, people always complain that the weather is getting warmer and the snow almost disappears in some areas.

    To sum up, I think that animals and plants are the key to the environment and species of them should be provided. However, the environment has many alarming problems in today’s world rather than some endangered creatures.

    • IELTS MASTER says:

      ‘decreasing in the number’ it should be decrease in the number. Your introduction is a bit confusing and improper as you have not mentioned what will be discussed in the essay. Learn to make better introduction because it is the most important part of the essay since it sets the tone for your score and makes the impression in the mind of the examiner. Please watch our tutorial carefully on task 2 and learn to make the best possible introduction, the link to the tutorial is given below. ‘species of them should be provided’ it is grammatically incorrect. Your basic knowledge of English seems ok and you can score good bands in writing provided you work on the minor issues in your writing and learn to avoid mistakes which many students commit. Watch our tutorial to learn what mistakes to avoid in IELTS writing:

  5. Temitope Damola says:

    The bar graph compares the income genetmrated by exportation in a country within 2years, and the table illustrates the rate of change in income in each products between 2015 and 2016.
    Overall, it is significantly clear that petroleum products generated the highest percentage of income within the period given, followed by engineered goods. Also, all five products saw an increase in income the following year except gems and jewelry which saw a decrease in the generation of income by exportation.
    In 2015, petroleum products had the highest export earnings which is about $60million. Agricultural products generated about half the amount generated by petroleum products and textile products generated the lowest proportion of income of about $25million .
    In 2016, petroleum products, engineered products, agricultural products and textile products had an inflation in export income within the range of 0.81 and 15.24 while gems and jewelry products declined in generating income by exportation of about 5.18%

    • IELTS MASTER says:

      ‘genetmrated ‘ spelling mistake. ‘it is significantly clear’ instead write it is clear that the petroleum products constituted the highest amount of exports among all the products mentioned. ‘which is about $60 million’ you have used present tense here which is wrong since data is of past also give space between number and million. Another huge blunder is in interpretation of numbers, it is in USD billions not millions, a big mistake. ‘range of 0.81 and 15.24’ 15.24 what?

  6. Nsikak says:

    Quite a number of people are of the opinion that the core problem of our habitat is the extinction of certain species of plants and animals, others are of the opinion that they are more pressing problems than this. The proceeding paragraphs will discuss both views and also give a personal opinion to the issue.

    The disappearance of certain flora and fauna could be the major environmental problems faced with human. The absence of flora to absorb the excess carbon dioxide being produced by different mechanical processes that lead to the depletion of the ozone layer thereby leading to global warming. I’m some countries trees are being cut down on a regular basis for construction of buildings and furniture. A recent study found that global warming is said to increase by an average of 1% yearly over the next decade, this is twice the increase in the last decade. Another basis for this argument is the extinction of certain animal species that could serve as wildlife attraction to tourists thereby generating income.

    There are more demanding environmental problems as said by a percentage of people. Problems such as the encroachment of water bodies due to increase in the need for housing as human population is on the increase yearly. Furthermore, the ascending number of terrorist attacks in some part of Asia as well as parts of Africa. A relevant example would be the kidnapping of about 300 Chibok girls in northern Nigeria, a country in West Africa. The high level of corrupt leaders in some nations is said to be part off the pressing problems.

    In my opinion, the extinction of some plants and animals are not much of a problem. There could be a regulation to check the cutting of trees while the remains of extinct and extant animals could be kept in a museum. Other problems such as corrupt leaders and terrorism are more demanding because they have a way affecting the development of a nation.

    To conclude, problems such as extinction of specific plants and animals, corruption and terrorism are getting increasingly popular as they can influence the industrialization of a country.

    • IELTS MASTER says:

      ‘that they are more pressing’ there are not they are. ‘faced with human’ faced by humans not with humans. ‘I’m’ never write short forms it will deduct your marks also it is grammatically wrong here. Third paragraph should start with a phrases like ‘On the other hand’ or ‘while’ because now you are presenting a different opinion so examiner should be made aware of that. ‘some part of Asia’ parts not part. ‘part off the pressing problems’ of not off. In the conclusion you have mixed all problems together, which you earlier said are not pressing with the important issues. It makes your conclusion confusing.

  7. Nsikak says:

    Thank You

  8. bhargav reddy says:

    Environmental concerns like global warming and lack of rainfall are bothering almost all the beings of this earth. Some people argue that, this is happening because of extinction of some plants and animal species. On the other hand, some people’s opinion is that, there are other crucial factors other than these, that are causing problems to the environment. This essay will discuss in favour of both these statements.
    Many species of plants and animals became extinct and many more are endangered. It may look simple, but because of this phenomenon our food chain is effected which in turn effects the environment. For example, due to continuous emission of radiation by cellphone towers, sparrows are almost wiped out from the face of the earth. Sparrows feeds on insects to live, because of exponential reduction of their numbers, insect population is increasing and is forcing farmers to use pesticides, which leads to both air and water pollution.
    Apart from this, there are other reasons that are damaging our environment. For instance, plastic and waste disposal into the oceans is killing thousands of sea animals and birds. The fishes and birds are eating these substances by mistaking them for food and are choking to death. Other reasons like deforestation is causing either floods or droughts throughout the year. CFCs emitted by home appliances like air conditioners and refrigerators leads to depletion of ozone layer, which in turn allows more sun rays on to the earth, eventually melting the icebergs.
    In conclusion, there are many reasons that are causing damage to the environment. But, often all these are interlinked to each other, hence it is everyone’s responsibility to not disturb or damage our ecosystem.

    P.S: Can you please mention which band could I get for this essay? I am targeting 7.5 in writing. And where can I post my task 1 (letter writing) for evaluation.

    • IELTS MASTER says:

      Introduction should have been more specific related to essay statement. Your introduction gives the impression that global warming is the main issue in the essay statement which is clearly not the case. ‘Sparrows feeds on insects’ feed not feeds. Good points in the first body paragraph. You have written an impressive essay but needed to make clear or introduce the task more clearly and that is comparison between extinction of species and other environmental problems. This essay would get 4-4.5 out of 6. Task 1 is only evaluated for academic.

  9. R. Sanchez says:

    The bar graph data regarding a country’s export earnings in 5 different listings in 2015 and 2016. Meanwhile, the table presents the comparison of earnings of 2016 with 2015.

    Overall, it is evident that all products had an increase in trend except for gems and jewellry. Petroleum goods generated the highest amount of revenue followed by engineered products while textile accounted for the lowest amount of earnings.

    Are my intro and overview clear and concise? Thank you very much for this. I will be posting my body paragraphs later.

    • IELTS MASTER says:

      the bar graph what? ‘had an increase in trend’ not increase in trend but increase in their export value. We cannot comment on such a short piece of writing. we need to see entire task to judge your writing.

  10. Fola says:

    The bar graph and table give insights to the export earnings of petroleum products, engineered goods, gems and jewelry, agricultural products and textiles over the period of 2015 to 2016. The table also gives the amount of changes between the years.
    Overall, it is evident that the export earnings for all the products followed a linear pattern in 2015, while in 2015 the export between petroleum products and engineered goods were close in range, so also was agricultural products and textiles. Clearly the 2016 export was inconsistent across the products.
    In both years, petroleum products were exported about two times more than agricultural products, the exportation of petroleum products increased by 3% while that of agricultural products increased by a small value of 0.81% from 2015 to 2016. Om the other hand, export of gems and jewelry decreased, this is the only product that decreased at a rate of 5.18% between the years 2015 and 2016.
    Textiles had the highest increment across all the products. It increased by 15.24% from 2015 to 2016, although engineered goods had an increase it was not as high as textiles.

    • IELTS MASTER says:

      ‘Overall, it is evident that the export earnings for all the products followed a linear pattern in’ you cannot write the same trend for all commodities because for some it increased while for others in decreased so you have to clarify this fact in overall that the trend was different for different commodities. ‘while in 2015 the export between petroleum products and engineered goods’ it is not the export between petroleum and engineered goods, these are separate exports. You have not given any numbers of exports which is wrong way to write, you have to give USD billion values for some exports that is the purpose of this graph.

  11. Ismail says:

    The chart provides information about the value in export earnings of a country in five categories (petroleum products, engineered goods, gems and jewellery, agricultural products and textiles) measured in billions of dollars and the table represents how every category of exports changed percentage wise in the years 2015 and 2016.

    Overall, values of all categories experienced an upward trend except for gems and jewellery, which experienced a downward trend throughout the period. Also, petroleum products was the most significant group in export earnings, while textiles contributed the least to export income.

    Petroleum products accounted for around 61 USD billion of export earnings in 2015 and experienced a 3% increase to about 63 USD billion in 2016. Export income from engineered goods was over 55 USD billion in 2015 and has a healthy growth of 8.5% in 2016. At the beginning of the period, textiles made up approximately 26 USD billion and rose to let’s say 31 USD billon.

    In 2015, outputs from gems and jewellery were in the region of 42 USD billion and decreased by 5.18% after one year period. In contrast, earnings from agricultural products remained almost constant in both year at 32 USD billion, more or less.

    • IELTS MASTER says:

      ‘has a healthy growth of 8.5% in 2016’ had not has because data is of past. ‘ to let’s say’ you cannot write like this it is informal way of writing. ‘almost constant in both year at 32 USD billion, more or less’ you cannot use more or less with almost constant because both phrases mean the same thing.

  12. sathisht1998 says:

    The given chart shows information about the export value and the table reveals the changes that occur in a percentage of export in five different categories such as oil products, engineered goods, precious stones and metals, farming items and clothes particularly in one country between 2015 and 2016.
    overall, the summary of the trend represents all products increase particularly in one year except gems and jewelry which are decreases in that period. on the other hand, the change in percentage of value has the highest in textile and lowest in agricultural products in 2016.
    In 2015 the chart shows, the highest-earning in petroleum products with nearly $ 60 billion but next year it earns an extra 3 billion dollars. secondly, goods used by engineers contribute to 55 billion dollars and it is also increased to the same value as oil products in 2016. in textiles, there is a large increase in 2016 compared to the previous year with nearly $8 billion and farming items have the nearly same value in two periods which is 31 billion dollars. but, gems and jewellery shows a different pattern which is slightly decreased in 2016 from $43 to $40 billion.
    The value of change in percentage between 2015-2016 has the highest growth in textiles which is 15.24% as well as engineering goods also increases to 8.5%. there is an upward trend in both petroleum products and agricultural products with 3 and 0.81 percentage. but in precious stones and jewels, the downward trend takes place to 5.18%.

  13. kay says:

    The rate at which degradation of our environment is becoming alarming. Many people opine that these problem is due to decline in some certain species of plants and animals. However, Many also argue that there are various factors that contribute to environmental issues. In my opinion, i believe the deterioration of our environment is majorly due to human activities.

    On the one hand, there is no doubt that due to urbanization, some species of plant and animals which usually protects our environment has gone to extinctions. Example of this can be seen in various industrialized cities where previous farm lands have been converted to manufacturing industries. Also, the rate at which some of the animals are being hunted is at high rates. Over the years researchers have pointed out some endangered animals. For example, they show that decades ago their are approximately five hundred thousand tigers in the world but less than two hundred thousand presently.They highlighted that the number cause was that many wealthy people now but this animal as a pet but they ended up dying few months after purchasing because they are not exposed to their natural habit and ecosystems.

    On the other hand, Many people argue that there are various factors which contribute to environment degeneration, some of this include climate change, chemical waste from companies, and oil spillage. They believes that the way some manufacturing disposed their chemical waste is appalling, it was noted that there is usually no proper treatment of this waste before been disposed. Also, the activities of oil and gas companies is also a factors that contributes to this problems, it was noted that many of this companies never follows government guidelines and legislation on environment protection as many ended up spilling oil on the environments. Recent example is the legal battle between a major oil company and the people of the ogoni communities, requesting a clean-up of their communities from oil spillage.

    In conclusion, I admit that the decrease in some species of plants and animals causes environmental problems. However, it will be myopic to ignore other major factors as mentioned.

    • IELTS MASTER says:

      ‘rate at which degradation of our environment’ is happening is becoming alarming. ‘these problem is’ these is plural while problem and is are singular, grammatical mistake. Your introduction is incorrect, the statement is not asking about causes of the problems it is asking whether this is the major issue or are there any more bigger issues. ‘the rate at which some of the animals are being hunted is at high rates.’ no need to use rate twice in the sentence it is redundant. Your attempt along with the introduction is wrong hence your bands will deducted on the parameter task completion. Please understand the statement clearly before attempting the task.

  14. Rekha Soni says:

    The bar graph reveals the amount of one country’s exports in several categories within a timespan of two years and the table highlights the ratio vary in each category of exports in 2016 as opposed to 2015.

    Overall, the proportion of petroleum and engineered products was high except other three categories in bar graph and in table, the ratio of all categories ebbed and flowed in two years.

    According to the bar graph, in 2015, the ratio of goods declined from around 61 billion in petroleum to 27 billion in textiles. Moreover, in 2016, the figure of petroleum goods stood at 62 billion and a reduction of about 20 billion was noticed in gems and jewellery. In addition, agricultural products exported nearly 31 billion and experienced a decrease to around 25 billion in exporting of textiles.

    As per the table, the ratio of petroleum goods, engineered products and germs and jewellery was 3%, 8.5% and 5.18% respectively.Furthermore, the percentage of agricultural goods was 0.81% and a rise of 14.43% had been observed in exporting textiles.

    • IELTS MASTER says:

      ‘table highlights the ratio vary’ the correct way to write is highlights the change in export value. ‘the ratio of goods declined’ it is not ratio it is absolute export value, ratio means share or contribution. ‘a reduction of about 20 billion was noticed in gems and jewellery’ you cannot compared reduction of gems with petroleum, you have compared reduction of gems in 2016 with 2015 value. Do not compare one category with another since you have two values for each category so compare those two values. ‘As per the table, the ratio of petroleum goods, engineered products and germs and jewellery was 3%, 8.5% and 5.18% respectively’ again it is not ratio it percentage increase or decrease in export value.

  15. Rekha Soni says:

    There is no doubt that nowdays, individuals are facing lots of environment issues. While it is believed that there are many reasons behind it , others advocate that these are due to declining species of plants and animals. But I support the former notion and both views will be discussed in the following section.

    To commence with, individuals everyday face air pollution. Since the number of vehicles is increasing drastically , the amount of carbon dioxide has adverse effect on the environment. Also, the life span of individuals has declined and they suffer from several skin diseases. Secondly, water pollution is a great concern for individuals. Furthermore, factories make many products and dispose waste into the rivers and lakes. Consequently, individuals do not get pure drinking water.To illustrate, the Prime Minister of India has banned plastic bags because plastic is thrown everywhere after using products and it does not melt for many years which engenders pollution. As a result, the ratio of carbon dioxide has reduced by 50%.

    However, a certain section of the society believes that, the extinction of plants and animals has negative influence on the environment. Furthermore, some researchs are done on animals to find medicines for fatal diseases like cancer and heart diseases. In addition, plants are utilized in making soap, facial, bleach and shampoo. Therefore, our ecological chain has collapased.

    To recapitulate, although plants and animals are disappeared and ecological chain has collpased, different problems are faced by individuals such as scarcity of drinking water and ailments due to air pollution.

    • IELTS MASTER says:

      Your introduction is absolutely incorrect it is not at all related to essay statement. Read the statement carefully you have completely changed the meaning of the statement in your introduction. Since you have misunderstood the statement your entire essay is off track and a wrong attempt completely.

  16. Mhammed says:

    In this modern era, although humans have a large number of convenient facilities and amenities, they are suffering from many detrimental environmental distractions. Some argue that the most critical issue is the decrease of particular species of plants and animals, yet others believe that there are more dreadful problems. In my opinion, I support both viewpoints as each has its own reasons.
    To begin with, there are two prominent reasons why the reduction of several species would cause negative effects on the environment. First of all, the loss of some plants and animals might lead to the ecosystem imbalance. Since some trees or plants are commonly the source of foodstuff for various wild animals and some smaller animals are preys of others that are bigger, thus, it might become lack of fare for feral ones. For instance, bamboo is the bear’s favorite meals or fish are the main rations source of polar bears. Secondly, the loss of several specific plants might affect adversely on the economy. If rice became extinct one day, it would definitely bring about many destructive consequences for Asian countries. As rice is not only the vital food supply of Asian people, but also contributes to the high export in the world.
    On the other hand, there are a variety of other environmental issues on earth. The most serious one is the rise in temperature, it has a detrimental impact on both humans and animals. High temperature results in various severe disasters such as drought, thunderstorm, earthquake and flood that would affect agriculture and people’s lives. In addition, the melting of ice has bad influence on polar bears, many of them have died as they could not endure the hot weather. Furthermore, air pollution or water pollution cause negative impacts on lives, such as shortage of clean water and asthma due to polluted air.
    By way of conclusion, it is undeniable that the biodiversity, human’s lives and the economy would be badly affected is some kinds of plants and animals are on the verge of extinction and the earth has to suffer from other environmental problems. In my view, we should not take any environmental issues for granted as they affect directly on our surroundings.

  17. says:

    The bar chart illustrates the information about the earning of exports in one country in five different sectors and the table compares the vary in the percentage of exports between 2015 and 2016.
    Overall,It is clearly evident that the earnings are high in 2016 when compared to 2015.Textile category plays a major role in percentage differ in values.
    In the year 2016,Petroleum products and Engineered goods are the leading sectors in export earning with around 60 million dollars.In Gems and jewellery category,It obtain about 40 billion dollars.In Agricultural products and Textiles,It accounts around 30 billion dollars for both of these sectors.
    In the year 2015,Petroleum products sector is the largest category of earning with nearly 60 billion dollars.while,In textiles category it produces the lowest amount of income of about 25 billion dollars.However,In Engineered goods it accounts for 55 billion dollars of income generated.In Gems and jewellery sector and Agricultural products,It generates 40 billion dollars and 30 billion dollars of income respectively.
    From the table,Textiles category follows an upward trend with 15.24 percent as highest and Engineered goods as second highest with 8.5 percent.Petroleum products and Agricultural products also follows the same highest trend with 3 percent and 0.81 percent respectively.Only in Gems and jewellery sector,It accounts downward trend with 5.18 percent.

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