IELTS MASTER | Writing

Writing

SUMMARIZE WRITTEN TEXT
Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

Times are fraught, and overstretched executives are constantly on the lookout for a way to clear their minds so they can work in a calmer, more effective, and more responsive way. Cultivating a special state of consciousness called ‘mindfulness’ — an intense awareness of the here and now — is proving attractive to a growing number of senior managers, both in the US and elsewhere.
Mindfulness is achieved by meditation techniques, often involving sitting on a cushion, eyes closed, concentrating on the inflow and outflow of your breath. Or you might spend 10 minutes studying, sniffing, tasting and finally eating a piece of fruit. That might make it sound like a remnant of the navel gazing 1960s and I 970s, but the evidence for mindfulness’s effectiveness is good enough to have impressed hard-nosed companies such as Google (which has invited mindfulness gurus to speak at the Googleplex), General Mills, PricewaterhouseCoopers, Deutsche Bank, Procter & Gamble, AstraZeneca, Apple, Credit Suisse, KPMG, Innocent, Reuters and many more.
According to Don McCormick, assistant professor of management at California State University and a dedicated meditator, it ‘can help individuals to manage workplace stress, perform tasks more effectively, enhance self-awareness and self-regulation, experience work as more meaningful, improve workplace relationships, increase ethical behavior, and make perception more accurate’. It is said to pay dividends for leaders and managers, by improving the quality of their listening and communicating.

 


 


 

SUMMARIZE WRITTEN TEXT
Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

One of the many critiques of academic research that one runs across is that a lot of research done by a faculty at universities across America doesn’t ‘do’ anything: it doesn’t lead to some new product that can be marketed; it doesn’t create jobs; it doesn’t have an obvious social value. After all, people argue, do we really need studies that chart the maturation of catfish? Or that explore the nuances of a minor poet? What is all this for?

As a consequence of attitudes like these, many people — particularly politicians and business persons — argue that the research function should be stripped from academia, or at least those parts of academia that aren’t the major research institutions. Then universities wouldn’t need so many faculties, and costs could be contained.

Academics like me offer lots of standard objections to this line of thinking: that research keeps one fresh and up-to-date in the discipline; that the faculty often works with students on their research, thus providing students with invaluable training for their future careers and so on. All of this is true, but I want to add a different point: the power of chance.

In 1990, I took an appointment at the University of Alabama-Huntsville. I had a police officer student who invited me for a ride along. I went — ultimately many times. The book that emerged from the research project I established from that first ride was later included on a list of ‘must read’ books on public administration by the Government of Canada.

I have no problem with accountability. But if you had asked me what my purpose was when I took my first ride along, and you had demanded to know what use the research could be put to, I would have told you, ‘I have no idea’.

 


 


 

Write Essay

`Computer technology has had more of a negative than a positive impact on society.’

How far do you agree with this statement? Support your views with reasons and/or examples from your own experience.

You will have 20 minutes to plan, write and revise an essay about the topic below. Your response will be judged on how well you develop a position, organize your ideas, present supporting details, and control the elements of standard written English. You should write 200-300 words.


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