IELTS MASTER | Writing

Writing

SUMMARIZE WRITTEN TEXT
Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

Inequality between world citizens used to be determined in equal measures by class and location. New research, however, reveals that people’s fortunes are being dictated primarily by where they live. As a result, economic migration has become the key way for individuals from developing countries to improve their economic standing, and governments will not be able to alleviate the pressure of migration on their societies until global inequality is reduced.
In Global Inequality: from class to location, from proletarians to migrants, Branko Milanovic, of the University of Maryland, examines the differences in income between countries and concludes that a key priority for policy makers should be aid and support for developing countries.
‘Not only is the overall inequality between world citizens greater in the early 21st century than it was more than a century and a half ago, but its composition has entirely changed; from being an inequality determined in equal measures by class and location, it has become preponderantly an inequality determined by location only,’ finds the report. `Analysis of incomes across countries for different members of the population reveals a wide gap between the underprivileged in wealthy societies and in less wealthy countries. This fact is of great political and economic significance. Individuals can now make large gains from migrating to wealthier countries.’

 


 


 

SUMMARIZE WRITTEN TEXT
Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

English is the world’s lingua franca, the language of science, technology, business, diplomacy and popular culture. That probably explains why it is the world’s most widely spoken language. It probably also explains why native English speakers are so reluctant to learn a second language. It’s not worth the effort.

In 2005, the European Commission carried out a survey of the European Union’s 25 member states. The two with the lowest rates of bilingualism — defined as being able to hold a conversation in more than one language — were the UK and Ireland. About two-thirds of people in these countries speak only English. It’s a similar story wherever English is spoken as the mother tongue. Only about 25 per cent of US citizens can converse in another language. In Australia, the rates are even lower.

Compare that with continental Europe, where multilingualism is the rule rather than the exception. More than half of EU citizens are bilingual, and not just because they live in countries like Luxembourg with multiple official languages. Even in France, which has only one official language and is immensely proud of its linguistic heritage, most people speak a second language.

Again, that is largely down to the dominance of English. Across Europe, English is by far the most commonly learned language. High levels of bilingualism are not driven by a general desire to learn languages but a specific need to learn English.

 


 


 

Write Essay

‘Some types of employment are more suitable for men and other types of employment are more appropriate for women.’
To what extent do you agree with this statement? Support your point of view with reasons and examples from your own experience.

You will have 20 minutes to plan, write and revise an essay about the topic below. Your response will be judged on how well you develop a position, organize your ideas, present supporting details, and control the elements of standard written English. You should write 200-300 words.


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