Read the prompt below. In 25 seconds, you must reply in your own words, as naturally and clearly as possible. You have 30 seconds to record your response. Your response will be sent together with your score report to the institutions selected by you. Please introduce yourself. For example, you could talk about one or more of the following:
You will hear some sentences. Please repeat each sentence exactly as you hear it. You will hear each sentence only once.
A You will hear a lecture. After listening to the lecture, please retell what you have just heard from the lecture in your own words. You will have 40 seconds to give your response.
Answer: So today we are continuing to talk about the social history of foodstuffs and we are going on to consider next the importance of salt and the significant role it has played. Salt was a highly valued commodity in ancient times. Not because it made food taste nicer but because of the way it could be used to preserve food. This meant that people were not so dependent on seasonal variations in what was available for them to eat they could preserve what they produced and consume it as required. It also meant that food could transported long distances. Salt was not easy to obtain and so prices for it were high. It was often necessary to transport it long distances and it is believed that one of the reasons for building some of the roads that led to the ancient city of Rome was to make it easier to bring salt to the city from various parts of the Roman empire. Roman rulers took financial advantage of the population’s need for salt. When they wanted to raise money for some war or another they raised the price of salt. Elsewhere salt was important too. In Africa for example caravans consisting of up to forty thousand camels are said to have travelled four hundred miles across the Sahara to transport salt to the inland markets of places like Timbuktu.
B You will hear a lecture. After listening to the lecture, please retell what you have just heard from the lecture in your own words. You will have 40 seconds to give your response.
Answer: So today we are going to talk about children’s literature and the role it plays in society. Throughout history adults have used the power of stories to entertain and amuse their children. But stories are not used merely to entertain youngsters they have a significant educational purpose. They serve to teach the moral values of their society. In sociological terms stories are one of the means by which children are socialized. How does this work in practice? Well it often makes use of heroes the characters in the stories who the children will admire and want to be like. The heroes of children’s stories therefore exemplify the qualities valued by that society they will typically demonstrate courage in the face of difficulty, honesty, consideration for others loyalty to their family and friends a respect for work and so on. You can see this happening from the fables of ancient societies through fairy tales and folk tales right up to modern day children’s stories. For example the hard working ant in Aesop’s fable is shown to succeed in comparison with the grasshopper who spends the summer singing and has nothing to eat when winter comes. Similarly it is Cinderella the honest hard working sister who wins the Prince rather than her cruel, lazy step sisters. However there is still usually something to entertain children even in the most morally instructive of stories.
You will hear some questions. Please give a simple and short Answer to each one. Often just one or a few words is enough.