Read the prompt below. In 25 seconds, you must reply in your own words, as naturally and clearly as possible. You have 30 seconds to record your response. Your response will be sent together with your score report to the institutions selected by you. Please introduce yourself. For example, you could talk about one or more of the following:
You will hear some sentences. Please repeat each sentence exactly as you hear it. You will hear each sentence only once.
A You will hear a lecture. After listening to the lecture, please retell what you have just heard from the lecture in your own words. You will have 40 seconds to give your response.
In today’s lecture I am going to talk about changes in air pollution since the middle of the last century and what has created these changes. So by the 1950s air pollution was very visible with frequent think black fogs known as smogs in many large cities around the world. The main source of this pollution was from factories and it caused severe health problems. For example a particularly severe smog in London in 1952 caused over four thousand deaths. Obviously something had to be done and in 1956 a clean air act was introduced in Britain. This addressed the pollution from factories and the smogs soon disappeared. However as you know these days air pollution is still a big issue. The main difference between now and the 1950s is that you can’t see it it is invisible. Also the main source of pollution now is from cars and lorries and although these don’t produce visible signs this air pollution is still a significant risk to health. And one of the key factors in the rise of this type of pollution is that we have all become much more vehicle dependent. There are far more cars and lorries, trains and planes than in the 1950s and this is now the main source of air pollution around the world.
B You will hear a lecture. After listening to the lecture, please retell what you have just heard from the lecture in your own words. You will have 40 seconds to give your response.
Ok to help you with your research I just wanted to give you some tips today on using focus groups. These are groups of people that you get together to find out about their opinions and attitudes for example to review a piece of work or just basically provide some collective input to help you with whatever you are researching. First of all how large should a focus group be? Well I would say that an ideal number of participants is around six or seven. If it is any bigger what quite often happens is they break into side conversations and focus is lost. If it is any smaller you may not get the range of views that you need to get a really good discussion. Secondly it is important that you a moderator for the group who is able to facilitate and guide the discussions. The moderator must ensure that everyone participates and stop anyone dominating. And also the moderator need to make sure that the discussions don’t go off in the wrong direction. And thirdly in order to help the group focus on what is required some basic materials should be used particularly to kick start the discussions. This may be in the form of pictures, photos, diagrams, graphs etc. and will help the group to understand the context of what needs to be discussed.
You will hear some questions. Please give a simple and short answer to each one. Often just one or a few words is enough.