Read the prompt below. In 25 seconds, you must reply in your own words, as naturally and clearly as possible. You have 30 seconds to record your response. Your response will be sent together with your score report to the institutions selected by you. Please introduce yourself. For example, you could talk about one or more of the following.
You will hear some sentences. Please repeat each sentence exactly as you hear it. You will hear each sentence only once.
A You will hear a lecture. After listening to the lecture, please retell what you have just heard from the lecture in your own words. You will have 40 seconds to give your response.
Answer: We appear to take it as a rule, or as a law of nature, that each species is adapted to the climate of its own home. For example, species from the Arctic, or even a temperate region, could not survive in a tropical climate, nor could a tropical species last long if it found itself at the South Pole. But it is true to say there’s too much emphasis placed on the degree of adaptation of species to the climates where they live. We assume that this adaptation - if all species are descended from a single form - must have taken place over millions of years, yet a large number of plants and animals brought from different countries remain perfectly healthy in their new home. Also, there are several examples of animal species that have extended their range, within historical times, from warmer to cooler latitudes and the other way round. Rats and mice provide good examples: they have been transported by man to many parts of the world and now have a far wider range than any other rodent, and they can be found living in the cold climate of the Faroe Islands to the north through the tropical zones to the Folklands in the south. It is possible to see adaptation to any climate as a quality that is part of an inborn flexibility of the physical and mental constitution of most animals. Therefore, the ability to survive in the most different climates by both man and his domestic animals, and the fact that elephants once existed in an ice age while living species live in tropical areas, should not be seen as deviations from the rule, but as examples of this flexibility being brought into action under particular circumstances.
B You will hear a lecture. After listening to the lecture, please retell what you have just heard from the lecture in your own words. You will have 40 seconds to give your response.
Answer: Today, I want to look at some research that has been done into what motivates people and, urn, particularly on what is called the ’mind set’ - or more simply the mental attitude - that highly- motivated people have. And, of course, the attitude of those who aren't so motivated, or who lose their motivation. Now, it’s obvious that motivation is crucial to performance, but that doesn’t tell us where it comes from. Why is it that some people work hard and do well while others can work just as hard and don't, why some are committed to what they are doing and Others aren't? Finding answers to this question would be extremely useful to educators, as well as in other areas of life. Businesses, for example, have long believed that financial incentives - bonuses, perks, pay rises - are the great motivators, and to an extent they can make a difference, but what we are calling the mind set is most important. What has made it difficult to find out what the causes of motivation are, is that motivation and the capacity for hard work can be mistaken for talent - thinking it’s a gift. Either you've got it or you haven’t. People who believe this have a fixed mind set and are not only going to perform less well than they could, but it's also an attitude that will affect their whole outlook on life.
Some say that if talent is something people are born with and you’re unlucky enough not to have any, then there's not much point in putting in all that extra effort for no real reward. However, research has shown that, if you put in the hours, practice brings the same level of achievement as talent. It’s a question of changing this fixed attitude and adopting a growth attitude, which includes seeing mistakes and failures as opportunities to improve.
You will hear some questions. Please give a simple and short Answer to each one. Often just one or a few words is enough.