Read the prompt below. In 25 seconds, you must reply in your own words, as naturally and clearly as possible. You have 30 seconds to record your response. Your response will be sent together with your score report to the institutions selected by you. Please introduce yourself. For example, you could talk about one or more of the following:
You will hear some sentences. Please repeat each sentence exactly as you hear it. You will hear each sentence only once.
A You will hear a lecture. After listening to the lecture, please retell what you have just heard from the lecture in your own words. You will have 40 seconds to give your response.
Answer: In an experiment a researcher instructed people who considered themselves lucky and those who considered themselves unlucky to count the number of pictures in a newspaper. On one page of the newspaper was written stop counting tell the experimenter you have seen this and win $250. It was found that those who viewed themselves as lucky found this more often than those who thought they were unlucky. Did this experiment reveal that some people are luckier than others? Or does it show that their attitudes are different? This and other tests reveal that those who consider themselves to be unlucky tend to be more anxious. Those who viewed themselves as lucky are more relaxed and open and therefore see opportunities beyond those that they are looking for. It has been notices that those who view themselves as lucky have more variety and change in their lives and this in turn increases the potential for chance opportunities in people's lives. So is it possible to change one’s outlook regarding luck? According to one research the answer is yes and this research has created a luck school. In this luck school people are given exercises and lectures as to how to break everyday routines and deal with life in a more positive way. The results are dramatic and people have come out feeling more positive about their lives and even more satisfied. They are also more able to identify and follow up on opportunities as they come about.
B You will hear a lecture. After listening to the lecture, please retell what you have just heard from the lecture in your own words. You will have 40 seconds to give your response.
Answer: Tooth sensitivity is actually a very common problem caused by several factors as we shall see. It can be treated and to an extent prevented. Tooth sensitivity can be experienced by young and old alike. However, the elderly are more prone as we shall soon learn. The teeth consist of three layers. The uppermost is the hardest and is known as enamel. Beneath the enamel is the softer yellowish layer known as dentin. The third layer is the pulp, which is the centre of the tooth. The pulp is also where you find the nerve endings as well as the blood vessels which supply the tooth with all its needs. Tooth sensitivity is caused by the gradual exposure of dentin by any number of means. One common means is through cavities, but over-consumption of carbonated beverages can also produce this. Now, dentin has microscopic channels which are filled with fluid and contain nerve endings which extend into the pulp. Eating or drinking foods and beverages hot, cold or sweet can cause this fluid to move which in turn causes the nerve endings to react in response. This causes the sudden discomfort or an acute, but transient sharp pain. Now, as I said, there can be many causes for this to happen. The most common causes can be brushing the teeth too hard. Sometimes tooth sensitivity arises because a person will brush excessively and forcefully or by using a hard bristled toothbrush. Highly abrasive tooth pastes can also contribute to this. Over time, the enamel is worn down and exposes the dentin. Now, you can prevent this by using a softer toothbrush, using less force and brushing with a less abrasive toothpaste.
You will hear some questions. Please give a simple and short Answer to each one. Often just one or a few words is enough.