Read the prompt below. In 25 seconds, you must reply in your own words, as naturally and clearly as possible. You have 30 seconds to record your response. Your response will be sent together with your score report to the institutions selected by you. Please introduce yourself. For example, you could talk about one or more of the following:
You will hear some sentences. Please repeat each sentence exactly as you hear it. You will hear each sentence only once.
A You will hear a lecture. After listening to the lecture, please retell what you have just heard from the lecture in your own words. You will have 40 seconds to give your response.
Answer: I should like to start by briefly describing the structure of an elephant society. Elephants live in piled societies. The main family unit consists of small groups of adult females who are related to each other and their young of both sexes. Now the females remain in their families for life and are highly social but male elephants leave their families at about fourteen years of age. They travel alone or congregate in small loose groups of other males. Occasionally they will join a family on a temporary basis. When males are ready to mate they will wander widely in search of receptive females. The elephant family may have members from three generations, the adults being females only. These families in turn network with a few other families which are in fact distant kin. These are called bond groups. Even the bond groups could form part of still larger groups called clans. Like other social animals elephants have to be able to communicate. What has confounded early naturalists was their ability to communicate over long distances. In one experiment scientists embedded groups of elephants with radio tracking collars. What they observed about their behavior fascinated them. They found that there was some sort of coordination between families. For example two separate family groups might move in parallel to each other miles apart and then veer in different directions simultaneously often moving towards each other. Elephants do have a very strong sense of smell but smell alone could not account for these types of movements. So scientists conclude that the elephants were using their hearing instead. This leads to attention being placed on the nature of elephant calls.
B You will hear a lecture. After listening to the lecture, please retell what you have just heard from the lecture in your own words. You will have 40 seconds to give your response.
Answer: We all know that pain is a symptom of many disorders such as tumors, infection, broken bone, or even a post-op condition, but in as far as one in ten cases, the pain will persist for months and often for years and when that happens, it becomes a disease. This was the experience with one of my patients who was a ballet dancer. During one of her rehearsals, she fell on her arm and sprained her wrist. Now, normally, we'd bandage it and have her take ibuprofen for the pain. However, there was something else going on with her. This is what her arm looked like when she came two weeks after the accident. It was all red in color, discolored, cold to the touch, the muscles were frozen. Basically her arm was in a diatonic state. The pain spread from her wrist down to her fingertips. It also spread up her arm as well, going all the way up to the shoulder. The worst fact was that there was random pain 24 hours a day. She had what is known as allodynia, Even a simple touch of the hand brought her excruciating and burning pain. We normally treat these patients in a rather crude fashion at the moment, one that doesn't seem to be very effective. One approach is to use symptom modifying drugs such as analgesics, that are really not effective in this case. We can also use anesthesia to numb the nerves that are causing pain. Other methods would be to effectively apply the techniques of physical and occupational therapy to retain the nerves so that they can respond normally to activities and sensory experiences of everyday life. Another method includes intensive psychotherapy designed to address the stressful state that accompanies chronic pain. We are hopeful that the future will bring new methods of treatment which will not mask the problem, like symptom-modifying drugs.
You will hear some questions. Please give a simple and short Answer to each one. Often just one or a few words is enough.