Read the prompt below. In 25 seconds, you must reply in your own words, as naturally and clearly as possible. You have 30 seconds to record your response. Your response will be sent together with your score report to the institutions selected by you. Please introduce yourself. For example, you could talk about one or more of the following:
You will hear some sentences. Please repeat each sentence exactly as you hear it. You will hear each sentence only once.
A You will hear a lecture. After listening to the lecture, please retell what you have just heard from the lecture in your own words. You will have 40 seconds to give your response.
Answer: We often think of technology and invention and research as being somehow more sophisticated a proposition than nature but actually when we think about it there are lots of really useful concepts that technology can take from the natural world. People are beginning to remember that other organisms on earth are doing things in very similar way to what we need to do. And they are looking closely at what we can learn from nature. Take the bright screens on our mobile phones now this brightness this effect that they have managed to achieve there came partly as result of research into the iridescence of the wings of butterflies and the antireflective coatings that moths have on their eyes. And it does not end there. They are looking at what makes a spider’s web so strong, how glow worms produce light with almost zero energy. This list goes on. And this area of research is called biomimicry that is bio as in biology or life and mimicry copying or imitating. It is a very interesting field of study.
B You will hear a lecture. After listening to the lecture, please retell what you have just heard from the lecture in your own words. You will have 40 seconds to give your response.
Answer: Now as urban planners what we really need to start considering is the amount of space allocated for residential areas within a city or town. And when I say space I am talking space within a dwelling or home rather than the actual size of residential areas. There is growing concern that the internal space of new homes is becoming far smaller. Too small in fact. May be you are thinking is it important for residents to have sufficient space? Is it merely a preference to have more space or are there more serious implications? Is there in fact any evidence to suggest cramped living conditions affect residents physical or mental well being or their day to day life?
Well research from a number of sources indicates that this is an important issue which need addressing. Cramped conditions can lead to aggressive behavior to family tensions psychological anguish and in the more extreme cases physical illness as well. Not only this but there is a proven link between overcrowding and the social and emotional development of children as well as their educational attainment. So the main issue here is that residents require enough individual space to be able to live and function together but with sufficient private space for personal time within the home.
You will hear some questions. Please give a simple and short Answer to each one. Often just one or a few words is enough.