IELTS MASTER | PTE Reading-Test9

Reading

Multiple choice, choose single Answer

A Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

It is a curious tradition that the clock on the tower of Christ Church Cathedral in Oxford is always five minutes later than standard British time. The explanation for this lies in the conservative nature of the Cathedral's clergy. It was only when the railways arrived in the middle of the nineteenth century that it became important for clocks throughout the country to be synchronised, however difficult this might be. When the Cathedral was asked to come into line, the clergy discussed the request but decided that this was an idea that needed to prove its worth before being adopted.

Why does Christ Church Cathedral clock give a different time from other British churches?


Answer

Answer: 3

B Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

Zebras are members of the horse family. However, these 'stripey horses' are not used for riding. Keen riders have occasionally attempted to try. Although zebras have at times let someone sit on their back, the rider soon discovered that a zebra's neck is stiffer than a horse's, lacking the suppleness that enables riders to control the horse. The structure of a zebra's back also makes it less suitable for riding. It would undoubtedly be possible to breed zebras that would ride well, but with the arrival of the internal combustion engine there has not been much incentive to do so.

What is the writer's conclusion about zebras?


Answer

Answer: 2



Multiple choice, choose multiple Answer

A Read the text and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one response is correct.

Much has been written on the wooden sculptures of West Africa, especially Nigeria, which was pre-eminent in the art, for unlike other crafts, wood-carving has long been acknowledged in the West as an art form. Yet, compared with stone or bronze, wood is not a very durable material in tropical conditions and the oldest carvings in Nigeria are probably no more than two hundred and fifty years old. Many of the earliest, maybe the finest of the wood carvings may also have been destroyed by termites. When one is attacked in this way, no attempt is made to preserve it; a new one is made to replace it, for the creativity of making it is valued above the object per se. The finest sculptures were made for religious or ceremonial purposes, and the art of creation was itself a religious act.

What has led to there being no very old wood carvings in West Africa?


Answer

Answer: 1, 5



B Read the text and Answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one response is correct.

It is possible to study the curriculum of an educational institution from a number of different perspectives. In the first instance, we can look at curriculum planning, that is at decision-making, in relation to identifying learners' needs and purposes; establishing goals and objectives; selecting grading content; organising appropriate learning arrangements and learn groupings; selecting, adapting or developing appropriate materials, learn tasks and assessment and evaluation tools.
Alternatively, we can study the curriculum in action, as it were. This second perspective takes us into the classroom itself. Here, we can observe the teaching/learning process and study the ways in which the intentions of the curriculum planners, which were developed during the planning phase, are put into action. Yet another perspective relates to assessment and evaluation. From this perspective we would try and find out what students had learned and what they had failed to learn, in relation to what had been planned. In addition we might want to find out if they had learned anything which had not been planned.

Which of these ways of looking at an institution's curriculum is outlined the text?


Answer

Answer: 1, 4, 6



Re-order Paragraphs

A The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order.

Jumbled paragraphs Correct paragraph order (1-4)
A There you will see how women are consistently portrayed as weak and in need of male protection.
B This acceptance that men were the superior gender had not developed by chance.
C It had been the view that had been socialized into them from the moment of their birth.
D This will become clear if you look at any girls' magazine or popular film of the period.
E In the 1960s, the greatest obstacle for those who wanted to organize women was said to be women's conviction that they were actually inferior to men.


Answer

Answer: 1-e, 2-b, 3-c, 4-d, 5-a



B The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order.

Jumbled paragraphs Correct paragraph order (1-4)
A It is mainly due to the quality of the fabric which effectively resists salt water, direct sunshine and cold winds.
B Traditionally they are navy blue and they are basically square in shape, without a curved armhole or inset sleeve.
C Fishermen's knitted jerseys have always been recognizable in Britain by their colour and their shape.
D This continuing popularity cannot just be put down to a fondness for tradition.
E These navy jerseys are still a familiar sight on any quay or harbour in the land.


Answer

Answer: 1-c, 2-b, 3-e, 4-d, 5-a



Fill In The Blanks

A In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

There are two basic branches of the science of astronomy: observational and theoretical. Observational astronomy, as the name suggests, is concerned with observing the
(1) and then analyzing the observations, using the (2) of physics. Theoretical astronomy focuses more on developing computer or analytical models to (3) astronomical phenomena. The two (4) complement each other, with observational astronomers attempting to (5) theoretical results, and theoreticians aiming to explain what has been observed.

Angles     |   Confirm     |   Describe     |   Effects     |   Fields     |   Principles     |   reason     |   Skies


Answer

Answer: 1-skies, 2-principles, 3-describe, 4-fields, 5-confirm



B In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

Behanzin ruled the West African (1) of Dahomey at the end of the nineteenth century, a time when Europeans were doing their utmost to colonise Africa. Behanzin put up extremely (2) resistance. He did this with the (3) of an army, including five thousand female warriors. He is often called King Shark, a name suggesting (4) and wisdom. Famed for being a (5) as well as a warrior, he wrote some of the most beautiful songs ever produced in Dahomey.

Aid     |   Battle     |   Kingdom     |   Light     |   Poet     |   Powerful     |   Monarch     |   Strength


Answer

Answer: 1-kingdom, 2-powerful, 3-aid, 4-strength, 5-poet



C In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

An investigation into the study habits of undergraduates was carried out by a (1) of researchers at a number of different universities. In all the universities (2) in the study, it was found that there were the (3) significant differences between the habits of arts and science students. Not surprisingly perhaps, arts students read more (4) while science students tended to concentrate on a few
(5) texts.

Core     |   Heavily     |   Involving     |   Participating     |   Same     |   Staff     |   Team     |   Widely


Answer

Answer: 1-team, 2-participating, 3-same, 4-widely, 5-core



D In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

Dolphins are marine mammals found all over the world. There are many (1) species. They are well-known as intelligent creatures and seem to
(2) with one another in sophisticated ways. Dolphins are (3) animals in that they live in groups. These can
(4) in size from five to several hundred. They often hunt in groups and work together to (5) the fish or squid they like to eat.

Capture     |   Communicate     |   Diffrent     |   Grow     |   Learn     |   Range     |   Sociable     |   Strange


Answer

Answer: 1-different, 2-communicate, 3-sociable, 4-range, 5-capture



A Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate Answer choice for each blank.

Excavations have recently been carried out on an interesting Mayan house in Central America. The house dates (1) the 9th century, and it has turned out to be of great interest to archaeologists. (2) is particularly remarkable about the house is that its walls are covered with tables
(3) detailed astronomical calculations. These tables suggest that Mayan society had considerable understanding of astronomy at a much earlier time (4) was previously thought to be the case. The tables focus on lunar cycles. This was important to the Mayans because they believed that there were six different gods of the moon, (5) of which would take his turn to be in charge of the cycle at any given time.



Answer

Answer: 1-from, 2-what, 3-showing, 4-than, 5-each



B Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate Answer choice for each blank.

Meteorologists are making increasing use of information provided on photo websites by ordinary people. There was a presentation dealing with
(1) they do this at a recent conference in New York. Scientists based at a university in Indiana looked at thousands of photos of snow scenes
(2) online. These provided them with information about snow falls in areas where, because of heavy cloud cover, (3) information from satellite photography was available. It is not necessary to make use of this source of information as far as urban weather is (4) as there is usually easy access to plenty of other data about towns. But photos taken by the public can be an excellent way of filling in the gaps in knowledge
(5) weather events in more distant rural locations.



Answer

Answer: 1-how, 2-posted, 3-no, 4-concerned, 5-about



C Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate Answer choice for each blank.

A manakin is an unusual type of bird found in the tropical forests of Colombia and Ecuador. Approximately twenty of the forty different types a kind of music by moving their body parts. This of manakin (1) is particularly done by the male bird when it is hoping to attract a female. Although ornithologists had
(2) been aware that the bird somehow managed to make its characteristic noise with its wings, they were unable to work out exactly how the sound was produced. (3) a post-graduate student has recently solved the puzzle. She did so by recording the bird's movements with a camera operating (4) a speed of a thousand frames per second. A standard camcorder records about 30 frames per second. On examining the footage she was able to see that the bird used one special feather to click against other feathers — in much the same way (5) Choose an item. guitarists use a plectrum to pluck the strings of their instrument.



Answer

Answer: 1-make, 2-long, 3-however, 4-at, 5-as



D Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate Answer choice for each blank.

A team of young engineering students in Japan are working on the production of a robotic suit. This (1) been designed to help the elderly to move around and lift heavy objects (2) easily. The suit is like a kind of exoskeleton which goes over the top of your body from your shoulders to your calves. It is made of aluminium and has joints at the shoulder and elbow. It is also equipped with artificial muscles. The wearer (3) be helped to stand up, for example, by pressing controls which inject air into the suit (4) that the legs straighten and the person rises. The suit weighs almost ten kilos but users report that this does not seem heavy at all. They said that the increased strength that they got (5) wearing it gave them very positive feelings of empowerment.



Answer

Answer: 1-has, 2-more, 3-can, 4-no, 5-from



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