IELTS MASTER | PTE Reading-Test8

Reading

Multiple choice, choose single Answer

A Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

Governments, business and many types of institutions collect, organise and record statistics. Statistics capture vital information about such things as the economy, population and the environment and therefore allow meaningful comparisons to be made. This can then inform decisions and plans made about such issues which in turn become public policies. While it may be the issues behind the statistics, rather than the statistics as such that command the public's attention, it must be recognised that it is the figures that inform these issues.

The author considers statistics to be important because?


Answer

Answer: 4

B Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

There are innumerable different species on the planet. Nobody really knows how many species there are, although many scientists have tried to estimate it. However, the complexity of trying to do this makes it impossible to establish a definitive number with any confidence. This is probably due to the fact that new species are continually appearing, while a: the same time existing species evolve and some become extinct. In the past, the number of new species appearing exceeded the number of those dying out. Nowadays, however, due to human activity, this trend has reversed and as a result we are in danger of seriously disturbing our ecosystem.

Why is it difficult to establish the number of species globally?


Answer

Answer: 2



Multiple choice, choose multiple Answer

A Read the text and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one response is correct.

Snow is formed when temperatures are low and there is moisture — in the form of tiny ice crystals — in the atmosphere. When these tiny ice crystals collide they stick together in clouds to become snowflakes. If enough ice crystals stick together, they'll become heavy enough to fall to the ground.
Precipitation falls as snow when the air temperature is below 2°C. It is a myth that it needs to be below zero to snow. In fact the heaviest snow falls tend to occur when the air temperature is between zero and 2°C. The falling snow does begin to melt as soon as the temperature rises above freezing, but as the melting process begins, the air around the snowflake is cooled.
If the temperature is warmer than 2°C then the snowflake will melt and fall as sleet rather than snow, and if it's warmer still, it will be rain.
The size and make up of a snowflake depends on how many ice crystals group together, and this will be determined by air temperatures. Snowflakes that fall through dry, cool air will be small, powdery snowflakes that don't stick together. This 'dry' snow is ideal for snow sports but is more likely to drift in windy weather.
When the temperature is slightly warmer than 0°C, the snowflakes will melt around the edges and stick together to become big, heavy flakes. This creates 'wet' snow, which sticks together easily and is good for making snowmen.

Which of the following statements about snow match the information in the passage?


Answer

Answer: 1, 5



B Read the text and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one response is correct.

Water for public supply can be obtained from underground sources by wells sunk into aquifers, or from surface sources, such as purpose-built reservoirs or lakes (collecting rainwater run-off or water from streams) and rivers. The safety of the water is of utmost concern — several million people die each year after consuming contaminated water. The primary aim in water treatment is the elimination of any pathogenic micro-organisms present. All the above-mentioned sources can be subject to pollution. In the case of underground water, polluted surface water can enter the saturation zone of an aquifer and so lead to its contamination. Pollution can come from waste containing heavy metals and organic compounds, farm run-off containing pesticides, and industrial wastes which may have been deliberately dumped down old coal mine shafts. River water can be affected by farm drainage, sewage works and industrial effluents, and also the run-off water from roads. Thus there is a need to maintain the quality of the aquatic environment to ensure that the water is suitable for treatment for public supply, and that the cost of treatment is kept as low as possible.
Raw water is usually abstracted from a river and pumped to a reservoir for storage and settlement. In the reservoir, the number of bacteria is reduced through natural processes, such as ultraviolet radiation from sunlight. Also, a large portion of the suspended solids settles out. The water is then conveyed from the reservoir to a treatment works.

Which of the following statements are true according to the information in the passage?


Answer

Answer: 2, 3



Re-order Paragraphs

A The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order.

Jumbled paragraphs Correct paragraph order (1-4)
A One such example is a solar panel which could charge an LED lamp to create hours of light each day.
B In addition to being fairly costly, these create smoke pollution and carbon emissions.
C Therefore, alternatives are being investigated.
D A result of not being connected to the electricity grid in rural areas of some countries means people light their homes using kerosene lamps.


Answer

Answer: 1-d, 2-b, 3-c, 4-a



B The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order.

Jumbled paragraphs Correct paragraph order (1-4)
A The fear of criticism from colleagues, friends and family is the main factor that obstructs a change in their employment situation.
B However, most of these workers would not consider career alternatives.
C It seems that the lack of psychological reward is the reason for their dissatisfaction.
D Despite the financial stability a high salary brings, research has shown that the majority of top earners are not happy in their jobs.
E Interestingly, it is not the risk of a decrease in salary which prevents this move.


Answer

Answer: 1-d, 2-c, 3-b, 4-e, 5-a



Fill In The Blanks

A In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

Using questionnaires to gather information from people is a well-used quantitative research method. It is considered to be an easy (1) but in reality it is actually very difficult to design a good questionnaire. Question type, clarity of language, length of questionnaire and layout are just some of the many
(2) , which all need to be carefully considered when designing the questionnaire. Another issue, which (3) some deliberation, is how to ensure a high response (4) .

Option     |   Opportunity     |   Selection     |   Influences     |   Requires     |   Factors     |   Rate     |  


Answer

Answer: 1-option, 2-factors, 3-requires, 4-rate



B In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

Psychology is a suitable course of study for those (1) in all of human thought and behaviour. It can be (2) as the scientific study of how humans function on a biological, social and mental level. There are a range of influential approaches to the subject, which are
(3) to such areas as child development, health, education and sports.

Practiced     |   Defined     |   Affected     |   Interested     |   Applied     |   Diagnosed     |  


Answer

Answer: 1-interested, 2-defined, 3-applied



C In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

Migration could be described as the well-defined journey animals make to a familiar (1) at specific seasons or times of the year. All species that migrate do so for a common (2) in order to survive. Migration allows them to spend their life in more than one area and thus
(3) problems that can occur in one habitat, such as lack of food, shelter or exposure to harsh weather.

Position     |   Purpose     |   Destination     |   Experience     |   Situation     |   Avoid     |  


Answer

Answer: 1-destination, 2-purpose, 3-avoid



D Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate Answer choice for each blank.

Multinational companies are often criticised for a number of reasons, but we cannot deny their (1) impact. Employment opportunities are generated for locals in the overseas country. When multinational companies set up manufacturing plants, there is often an increased (2) of products for local consumers, which profits the local economy. Training is also sometimes provided in the use of technology; moreover, the experience and knowledge that the employees (3) strengthens their skills and overall employability.

Positive     |   Gain     |   Purchase     |   Negative     |   Availability     |   Benefit     |  


Answer

Answer: 1-positive, 2-availability, 3-gain



A Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

A well-known feature of the European landscape is the castle. Some types of fortifications (1) built thousands of years ago, but the first real castles only started to appear as recently as one thousand years ago. Construction of most of the larger castles in Europe was between around 1100 and 1500. Initially, the
(2) of these castles was to lay claim to land won in battle and also for defence. (3) , the owners of the castles also realised that their castles were an effective (4) to intimidate local people. Therefore, castles became a symbol of wealth and authority for those owning them, and a useful tool to keep control of territory and the residents living on that territory.



Answer

Answer: 1-were, 2-purpose, 3-however, 4-way



B Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate Answer choice for each blank.

A recent study reveals that the ability to walk quickly in old age is an indicator of a long life. The report examined results from recent research. The
(1) in the research were tested on a regular (2) over an extended period of time. The researchers focused on the relationship between walking speed in the post sixty-five age group and longevity. They concluded that there was a direct correlation between walking speed and life span.
A key researcher gave the explanation that this link exists (3) walking involves the use of many bodily functions working in unison. The heart, lungs, skeletal system, joints, muscles, nerves and brain have to work together in order to ensure a consistent speed. Damage to any of these systems may mean a much slower walking speed (4) could signal medical problems.



Answer

Answer: 1-participants, 2-basis, 3-because, 4-which



C Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate Answer choice for each blank.

One of the questions we need to ask ourselves is: How much of the news is biased? Can we recognise bias? The fact is, despite the journalistic ideal of 'objectivity', every news story is (1) by the attitudes and background of its interviewers, writers, journalists, photographers and editors. That is not to say that all bias is
(2) but it does exist.
So how can we, as readers or viewers, determine bias? Well, in the case of newspapers, it manifests itself in a number of ways, such as what events
(3) for inclusion or omission. The (4) of the article, meaning its proximity to the front or back pages, is significant. The use of headlines, photographs and language are further examples.



Answer

Answer: 1-influenced, 2-deliberate, 3-are selected, 4-placement



D Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate Answer choice for each blank.

It is believed that the only purpose of advertising is to make people something. It is undeniable that this is the ultimate, overall goal, but are (1) equally essential, yet more subtle, aims of an advert buy there as well. For example, people may not buy something as a result of an advert, but that advert
(2) awareness of that product and brand. Sufficient advertising will reinforce that awareness (3) when people purchase something, they may choose the heavily advertised brand that can be easily remembered over others; purely on the basis that they may have heard or seen that name and they are not as (4) with the other names or brands available.



Answer

Answer: 1-other, 2-will have improved, 3- so, 4-familiar



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