IELTS MASTER | PTE Test 7 Reading

Reading

Multiple choice, choose single answer

A Read the text and Answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

Submarine operators have been alerted to the dangers of sea snails in a recent study. An international research team says the hardy deep-sea animals latch on to the submarines used by scientists, potentially spreading disease in pristine ecosystems. The limpet is a sea snail that lives 2,000 metres underwater but can also survive in air when a submarine emerges from the water. If it goes unnoticed, the limpet can find itself in another habitat the next time the submarine is used. As 90 per cent of limpets are infected by parasites, this poses a threat to the ecosystem; but thoroughly cleaning the submarines will solve the problem.

What problem does the article mention in relation to sea snails?


Answer

Answer: 2

B Read the text and Answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

The Graphic Design degree provides students with a nurturing environment for learning, developing aesthetic appreciation and design skills with an emphasis on media and marketing. Students have the chance to develop their personal style, while broadening their technical repertoire as designers.
The academic staff are former working artists, theorists and designers who have been successful in achieving major awards, commissions and research grants. The facilities for the graphic design program include spacious design studios, colour and monochrome darkrooms and photography studios. Students will develop skills at a professional working standard in all computer-based programs that the design industry requires.

What does the Graphic Design degree offer students?


Answer

Answer: 3



Multiple choice, choose multiple Answer

A Read the text and Answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one response is correct.

When the Maori people first came to New Zealand, they brought the mulberry plant from which they made bark cloth. However, the mulberry did not flourish in the new climate so they found a substitute in the native flax. They used this for baskets, mats, and fishing nets and to make intricate fibre ceremonial cloaks. Maori identified almost 60 types of flax, and propagated flax nurseries and plantations to supply the integral material. They chopped the leaves near the base of the flax plant using a sharp mussel shell or shaped rocks. The flesh of the leaf was stripped off right down to the fibre which went through several processes of washing, bleaching, softening, dyeing and drying. Flax ropes and cords had such great strength that they were used to bind together sections of hollowed-out logs to create huge ocean-going canoes, and to provide rigging, sails and lengthy anchor warps for them. It was also used for roofs for housing. The ends of the flax leaves were fanned out to make torches to provide light at night.

For which of the following purposes does the passage say the Maori used flax?


Answer

Answer: 1, 3



B Read the text and Answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one response is correct.

The Neue National Gallery in Berlin was designed by Mies van der Rohe. Built in 1968, it is a jump from the traditional museum concept of a closed building with exhibition rooms. Instead it is an open-plan, flexible space. With only two steel columns on each side, the corners are 'free', giving the building a lightweight look.
The gallery was the first building completed as part of a cluster of buildings dedicated to culture and the fine arts. It is often said that the building is a work of art in itself. The unusual natural illumination in the building, coming from around and below the viewer rather than above, has the effect of shocking the viewer out of their usual way of seeing and encouraging visitors to bring a fresh eye to the art.
The upper level is mainly used for special exhibits, for example, large-scale sculptures or paintings. The vast lower level has space for themed shows, and contains shops, a café, and the museum's permanent collection, which ranges from early modern art to art of the 1960s. The podium roof plaza is an open air gallery for public sculpture.
On request, guests may enter the garden to see figurative and abstract sculptures on display there. Special exhibits are attended by specially trained, very personable staff, who field questions, explain the exhibits, and enthuse about their favourite works.

What does the passage say can be found at the Neue National Gallery?


Answer

Answer: 3, 5



Re-order Paragraphs

A The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order.

Jumbled paragraphs Correct paragraph order (1-4)
A It is important to register for sessions with the industry professionals as numbers are limited.
B The conference is part of the career counselling centre's campaign, which has been designed to assist final year students transitioning out of university and getting their careers off to a good start.
C Students will be able to speak with industry professionals and graduates who had the benefit of this assistance last year.
D The University will host its second annual Arts and Commerce Career Readiness Conference on campus next month.


Answer

Answer: 1-d, 2-b, 3-c, 4-a



B The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order.

Jumbled paragraphs Correct paragraph order (1-4)
A Urban planners must consider these threats and work to allay them.
B Historically, in Europe and many other parts of the world, settlements were built on higher ground for the purposes of defence and to be close to fresh water sources.
C . If the dangers are only in specific areas then they can make the affected regions into parkland or a green belt, often providing the added advantage of open space.
D Cities have often spread down from these locations onto coastal plains, putting them at risk of floods and storm surges.


Answer

Answer:1-b, 2-d, 3-a, 4-c



Fill In The Blanks

A In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

The practice of giving graduation gifts seems to be alive and well, despite (1) economic times. A recent study in the US has shown that while families may not have as much to spend, they are being more (2) in the gifts they bestow. Lavish celebrations and large lump
(3) seem to have gone by the wayside in favour of smaller, more thoughtful gifts.

Generous     |   Hard     |   Creative     |   Money     |   Sums     |   Favourable


Answer

Answer: 1-hard, 2-creative, 3-sums



B In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

The majority of early pictures in the National Portrait Gallery's (1) are by unknown artists, with fundamental questions, such as when, where and why they were painted still remaining to be answered. Through the application of scientific methods, a new project has the (2) to unlock evidence that will allow researchers to determine answers to these questions. They will use a (3) of cutting-edge scientific techniques, such as X-ray and infra-red reflectography, in order to reveal new (4) about individual paintings.

Information     |   Potential     |   Combination     |   Prospect     |   Connection     |   Care     |   Work


Answer

Answer: 1-care, 2-potential, 3-combination, 4-information



C In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

Gunpowder, also referred to as 'black powder', was the only (1) chemical explosive until the mid-nineteenth century. It
(2) potassium nitrate, or 'saltpeter', which is an oxidiser, and a combination of charcoal and sulphur serves as fuel. There is
(3) consensus that gunpowder was initially invented in China as early as the ninth century. This
(4) to its use in fireworks and in gunpowder weapons.

Includes     |   Contains     |   Caused     |   Academic     |   Known     |   Unique     |   Led


Answer

Answer: 1-known, 2-contains, 3-academic, 4-led



D In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

Marion Dorset (1872-1935) was an influential American biochemist. He began working as a (1) for the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1894, and worked his way up to become chief of the biochemical (2) in 1904. He made important discoveries in bacterial toxins and animal diseases, and he conducted pioneering work in the (3) of meat products. He co-discovered the virus that causes hog cholera and subsequently developed a
(4) to prevent it.

Researcher     |   Leader     |   Sum     |   Fluid     |   Inspection     |   Consumption     |   Division


Answer

Answer: 1-researcher, 2-division, 3-inspection, 4-serum



A Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate Answer choice for each blank.

Victoria University of Wellington has conferred an honorary degree on a distinguished astrophysicist in a recent graduation ceremony. Professor Warrick Couch
(1) the honorary degree of Doctor of Science for his remarkable contribution to our knowledge of galaxies and dark energy. Professor Couch is a distinguished astrophysicist who has (2) a crucial role in the discovery that the Universe is expanding at an accelerating rate, a finding which led to the lead scientists being awarded a Nobel Prize in Physics in 201 I, which he attended in recognition of his contribution. In his research, Professor Couch uses large ground-based and spaced-based telescopes to observe galaxy clusters, (3) are the largest structures in the Universe. He is also involved in a number of national and international committees overseeing the management of these telescopes. (4) his own research activities, Professor Couch has worked to support young researchers and provide public comment on astronomy internationally.



Answer

Answer: 1-received, 2-played, 3-which, 4-in addition to



B Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate Answer choice for each blank.

Keith Haring began as an underground artist, literally. His first famous projects were pieces of stylized graffiti (1) in New York subway stations. Haring travelled from station to station, drawing with chalk and chatting with commuters about his work. These doodles helped him develop his classic style and he grew so
(2) , doing up to 40 drawings a day, that it was not long before fame and a measure of fortune followed. Soon, galleries and collectors from the art establishment wanted to buy full-sized pieces by Haring. The paintings skyrocketed in price but this did not sit well with Haring's philosophy. He believed that art, or
(3) his art, was for everyone. Soon, Haring opened a store which he called the Pop Shop, which he hoped would attract a broad range of people. While somewhat controversial among street artists, some of (4) accused Haring of 'selling out', the Pop Shop changed the way people thought about the relationship between art and business.



Answer

Answer: 1-drawn, 2-prolific, 3-at least, 4-whom



C Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate Answer choice for each blank.

Conservationists have long debated whether the koala should go on the Australian national threatened species list. (1) the koala is clearly in trouble in some parts of the country — in Queensland, for example, high numbers are afflicted by disease — in other parts such as Victoria and South Australia the problem is not that koala populations (2) , but that they have grown to the point where they are almost too numerous.
For a species to be classed as vulnerable, its population (3) by more than 30 percent over the last three generations or I 0 years. The problem is that when such a stipulation is applied to koalas, the Victorian boom offsets the Queensland bust, and the species stays off the list.
This has repercussions because northern koalas are different to southern ones. They are smaller, for example, and they contain a genetic variation not represented in the South. (4) , a split listing has been devised koalas from New South Wales, the ACT and Queensland are now officially 'Vulnerable'; those from Victoria and South Australia are not considered threatened.



Answer

Answer: 1-while, 2-are falling, 3-must have decreased, 4-for this reason



D Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

The Department of Fine Arts is a vibrant department comprising active art professionals housed in a modern, well-equipped facility. The faculty enjoys
(1) relationships with local museums, numerous galleries and a variety of other art organizations. Fine Arts students benefit from studying with artistically (2) mentors who exhibit and research regionally, nationally and internationally. The department provides students with many opportunities for artistic and personal (3) through daily contact with full-time faculty members who are noted artists and researchers. Classes are small to allow for personalised feedback and guidance. Well-appointed studios on campus (4) the daily practice of art in combination with the study of liberal arts. During their studies, students gain exposure to world-class visiting artists and exhibitions, and also have local and international travel
(5) .



Answer

Answer: 1-collaborative, 2-active, 3-growth, 4-facilitate, 5-opportunities



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