IELTS MASTER | Test6 Reading

Reading

Multiple choice, choose single Answer

A Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

Huge reserves of energy have been found in rocks far below the surface of the ground in Britain. It is estimated that the north and southwest regions could hold enough energy in the form of heat to provide power for millions of homes. In fact, up to a fifth of Britain's energy could be provided by this geothermal source. Extracting the heat and converting it into electricity is difficult and expensive. Thousands of bore holes would be needed; but once they were in place, the heat would keep regenerating indefinitely.

What is the writer's main purpose in this paragraph?


Answer

Answer: 3

B Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

People tend to think that any new technology or device is an act of genius; something that has required vision and insight to create and then develop into a marketable product. The fact is that innovations were often already `out there' in the public domain in some form or another. They tend to evolve from notions that have been around for years but that had not, until that point, been suitably adapted. One expert calls this ‘the long nose' approach to innovation, whereby new concepts come into the world slowly, gradually revealing all they have to offer.

What is the writer's main point about innovation?


Answer

Answer: 2



Multiple choice, choose multiple Answer

A A Read the text and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one response is correct.

Small, localised enterprises are becoming ever-more imaginative in identifying opportunities to boost tourism for their areas. A more unusual attraction is the Old Man of the Lake, which is the name given to a 9-metre-tall tree stump that has been bobbing vertically in Oregon's Crater Lake since at least 1896. For over one hundred years, it has been largely ignored but recently it has become a must-see item on the list of lake attractions. Since January 2012, tour boats regularly include the Old Man on their sightseeing trips around the lake.
At the waterline, the stump is about 60 centimetres in diameter, and the exposed part stands approximately 120 centimetres above the surface of the water. Over the years, the stump has been bleached white by the elements. The exposed end of the floating tree is splintered and worn but wide and buoyant enough to support a person's weight.
Observations indicated that the Old Man of Crater Lake travels quite extensively, and sometimes with surprising rapidity. Since it can be seen virtually anywhere on the lake, boat pilots commonly communicate its position to each other as a general matter of safety.

Which of the following are true of the Old Man of the Lake according to the passage?


Answer

Answer: 2, 5, 6



B Read the text and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one response is correct

'You might expect this precious fertile resource to be found in the deep jungle, far from human settlements or farmers,' says James Fraser, who has been hunting for it in Africa's rainforests. But I go looking for dark earth round the edge of villages and ancient towns, and in traditionally farmed areas. It's usually there. And the older and larger the settlement, the more dark earth there is.'
Such findings are overturning some long-held ideas. Jungle farmers are usually blamed not just for cutting down trees but also for exhausting the soils. And yet the discovery of these rich soils — first in South America and now in Africa, too — suggest that, whether by chance or design, many people living in rainforests farmed in a way that enhanced rather than destroyed soils. In fact, it is becoming clear that part of what we think of as lush pure rainforest is actually long-abandoned farmland, enriched by the waste created by ancient humans.

What is significant about the 'dark soil' that the writer is referring to?


Answer

Answer: 3, 5



Re-order Paragraphs

A The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order.

paragraphs Correct paragraph order (1-5)
A Clearly, a number of factors have contributed to its remarkable appearance..
B The result is a unique story of land collisions and erosions, and of rising and falling water levels.
C . Experts who have analysed the rock formations say that, historically, it goes back nearly two billion years.
D Anyone who has ever visited the Grand Canyon will agree that it is one of the most incredible sights in the world..
E The geological processes that have taken place since then are exposed for everyone to see, not hidden beneath vegetation or a fast-flowing water course.


Answer

Answer: 1-d, 2-a, 3-c, 4-e, 5-b



B The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order

paragraphs Correct paragraph order (1-5)
A It was a time when managers had to take a critical look at every aspect of their production process and make improvements where necessary.
B As a result, some people believe it is now time to re-assess many companies in terms of the standards they agreed to some years ago.
C . In the late I 900s, food manufacturers were challenged by the organic community to ensure they were using ingredients that had been produced in natural, healthy ways.
D Whether these systems have been maintained seems questionable, particularly as contracts depend so heavily on efficiency and quick sales
E Over the last half-century, organic farming has become a driving force in the world's food market.


Answer

Answer: : 1-e, 2-c, 3-a, 4-d, 5-b



Fill In The Blanks

A In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

Technology and flexible work (1) have had a significant impact on today's busy companies. In terms of productivity, it seems the
(2) no matter where they choose to work. Whether this trend will continue depends to some (3) on how well it works for everyone concerned(4)

Focus     |   Deals     |   Way     |   Practices     |   Selling     |   Output     |   Extent


Answer

Answer: 1-practices, 2-focus, 3-output, 4-extent



B In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise

Elephants have a very (1) communication system, which helps them maintain their close (2) bonds. When they are near each other, they use verbal and visual signals to express a wide (3) of emotions. As they move further (4) they use less common, rumbling that can be heard over two kilometres away.

Distant     |   Variety     |   Family     |   Ranging     |   Apart     |   Sounds     |   Complex     |   Round


Answer

Answer: 1-complex, 2-family, 3-variety, 4-apart, 5-sounds



C C In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

People are naturally concerned about the polluting (1) of energy sources such as oil or coal. But are wind farms the
(2) With their enormous rotating blades, these huge (3) are becoming more commonplace in certain
(4) of the world. Yet for some people, they are an unwelcome (5) of the landscape.

Machines     |   Product     |   Sight     |   Feature     |   Answer     |   Regions     |   Damages     |   Effects


Answer

Answer: : 1-effects, 2-answer, 3-machines, 4-regions, 5-feature



D In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

Professional astronomers, (1) their amateur counterparts, have no particular interest in the aesthetic quality of their photographs. What
(2) to them is the contribution their images can (3) to research, and to the (4) of data scientists in their field (5) for research purposes

Make     |   Equipped     |   Unlike     |   Matters     |   Use     |   Collection     |   Put     |   Concerns


Answer

Answer: 1-unlike, 2-matters, 3-make, 4-collection, 5-usee



Fill In The Blanks

A Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

It would be very hard to imagine life without electricity. Most of the appliances and machines that are used in homes, offices and factories are powered by electricity and this equipment (1) people's overall quality of life. For that reason, the wider provision of electricity supplies is a critical factor in reducing global poverty (2) meet the needs of users around the world, the global consumption of coal has risen more quickly' (3) 2000 than any other fuel. For countries that do not have their own supply of natural energy resources, coal has become an essential (4) of producing power. On a global scale, coal is currently used to fire power stations and produces 40% of global electricity. This (5) is very likely to increase, and predictions are that by 2030 coal will fuel 44% of the world's electricity.



Answer

Answer: 1-helps to improve, 2-levels, 3-since, 4-means, 5-figure



B Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

People are living longer and this longevity is good news for sales teams. It results in a much more(1) customer base for them to work from. Why we are living longer is not the issue for anyone (2) in drawing up plans to market a product. What they focus on is the fact that there are now more age groups to target, which means that a sales pitch can be re-worked a number of times to more exactly fit each one. For example, (3) I referring simply to 'adults', there are now 'starting adults', 'young adults' and 'established adults' (4) markets no longer talk about 'children', but tend to refer to a fuller range of categories that includes 'kids', `tweens', 'pre-teens' and 'teenagers'. We now have a very diverse population in terms of age, and that can only be a (5) for business.



Answer

Answer: 1-precise, 2-involved, 3-rather than, 4-similarly, 5-bonus



C Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

Experts have waited a considerable amount of time for this much-needed book. Now we have a new and very thorough survey of wetland plant species. The content is extensive and totally up-to-date and as reference (1) it represents extremely good value. In addition to the editors, there are 35 well-chosen contributors who have put in a tremendous amount of work to (2) the reader with maps and indexes, and colourful photographs. The plant descriptions are straightforward, yet scholarly, and flicking through the pages, (3) the writers' passion for the subject. Each of the eight sections has an overview(4) current concerns and future conservation plans. Despite a few gaps and the occasional unsatisfactory illustration, this handbook will remind botanists and specialists of the importance of protecting the country's plant life. (5) person interested in the topic, whether student or hardened expert, will find it indispensable



Answer

Answer: 1-material, 2-assist, 3-you can sense, 4-highlighting, 5-every



D Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

At the moment, there are between six and seven thousand languages in the world. According to linguists, fifty percent of these are in danger (1) extinct. The speed of language loss has accelerated over the past few decades because businesses that need to communicate with a range of people from other cultures
(2) to employ more widely used languages, such as English, Chinese, or Spanish. This attitude is understandable, but it means that many local languages are dying out before anyone (3) the opportunity to study them. According to linguists, some of these languages could reveal a great(4) of useful information about language learning and cognitive development. In addition, a local language that has been built on the local culture contains words and phrases that express that culture; lose the language and you arguably may lose the culture, too. And finally, historians will
(5) that a language contains evidence of a region's history and should, for that reason alone, be preserved.



Answer

Answer: 1-of becoming, 2-prefer, 3-has had, 4-deal, 5-argue



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