A Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.
The approach to the methodology of learning and teaching has to be comprehensive, presenting all options in an explicit and transparent way, and avoiding advocacy or dogmatism. It has been our fundamental methodological principle that the methods to be employed in language learning, teaching and research are those considered to be most effective in reaching the objectives agreed in the light of the needs of the individual learners in their social context. Effectiveness: is contingent on the motivations and characteristics of the learners as well as the nature of the human and material resources which can be brought into play.
B Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.
In many ways Britten's most ambitious effort is the War Requiem of 1961, a flawed but still impressive work for chorus, soloists, and orchestra It weaves together the traditional Latin Mass for the Dead with antiwar poems by Wilfrid Owen, a young officer killed in World War I The point of War Requiem is how the words of the liturgical text are reinterpreted and often rendered hollow by the realities of death in war. In this work we see Britten's prodigal inconsistencies on display. For all its problems, the War Requiem will probably survive as one of our time's most impassioned indictments of war and its heroic myth.
A Read the text and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one response is correct.
Who Are Aborigines? Aborigines are Australia's indigenous people. Recent government statistics counted approximately 400,000 aboriginal people, or about 2% of Australia's total population
Australian Aborigines migrated from somewhere in Asia at least 30,000 years ago Though they comprise 500-600 distinct groups, aboriginal people possess some unifying links Among these are strong spiritual beliefs that tie them to the land; a tribal culture of storytelling and art, and, like other indigenous populations, a difficult colonial history.
The Dreamtime: Aboriginal spirituality entails a close relationship between humans and the land Aborigines call the beginning of the world the "Dreaming" or "Dreamtime" In the “Dreamtime", aboriginal "Ancestors" rose from below the earth to form various parts of nature including animal species, bodies of water, and the sky Unlike other religions, however, aboriginal belief does not place the human species apart from or on a higher level than nature. Aborigines believe some of the Ancestors metamorphosed into nature (as in rock formations or rivers), where they remain spiritually alive.
Storytelling, Art, and the Didgeridoo: The oral tradition of storytelling informs aboriginals' vibrant cultural life Songs illustrate the Dreamtime and other tales of the land, while dances and diagrams drawn in the sand accompany oral tales. In the Northern Territory, aboriginal art includes sculpture, bark and rock paintings, and baskets and beadwork. Rock carvings and paintings can be found in such places as Arnhem Land, Ubirr, and Nourlangie Many aborigines earn a living through selling native artworks
Aboriginal music is often recognizable for its most famous instrument, the didgeridoo. A wind instrument typically made from bamboo, it extends about five feet and produces a low, vibrating hum. Aborigines use didgeridoos in formal ceremonies at such events as sunsets, circumcisions, and funerals.
B Read the text and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one response is correct.
Adaptations enable living organisms to cope with environmental stresses and pressures Adaptation can be structural or behavioral Structural adaptations are special body parts of an organism that help it to survive in its natural habitat (e g., skin color, shape, body covering). Behavioral adaptations are the ways a particular organism behaves to survive in its natural habitat Physiological adaptations are systems present in an organism that allow it to perform certain biochemical reactions (e g making venom, secreting slime, being able to keep a constant body temperature) Adaptations are traits that have been selected for by natural selection. The underlying genetic basis for the adaptive trait did not arise as a consequence of the environment; the genetic variant pre-existed and was subsequently selected because it provided the bearer of that variant some advantage..
A The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order.
|paragraphs||Correct paragraph order (1-5)|
|A But in Scotland three banks are still allowed to issue banknotes.|
|B When this bank was founded in 1695, Scots coinage was in short supply and of uncertain value compared with English, Dutch, Flemish or French coin.|
|C To face growth of trade it was deemed necessary to remedy this lack of an adequate currency.|
|D The first Scottish bank to do this was the Bank of Scotland.|
|E In most countries it is only the government through their central banks who are permitted to issue currency.|
B The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order.
|paragraphs||Correct paragraph order (1-5)|
|A These markets had become rapidly dominated by powerful enterprises who were able to act in their own interests against the interests of both workers and consumers.|
|B Mill was able to see an expanded role for the State in such legislation to protect us against powerful interests.|
|C He was able to argue that the State was the only organ that was genuinely capable of responding to social needs and social interests unlike markets.|
|D There had already been some legislation to prevent such abuses such as various factory acts to prevent the exploitation of child workers.|
|E Markets may be good at encouraging innovation and following trends but they were no good at ensuring social equality.|
A In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.
|Proponents | Reacquainting | Propensity | Reintroducing | Cite | Activists | Accuse|
B In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.
|Supportive | Mimicking | Logic | Repeating | Credible | Defensive|
C In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.
|Ultimate | Variable | Analytical | Flexible | Theoretical | Considerable | Decisive|
A Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.
B Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank. .
C Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.
D Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.