IELTS MASTER | Test5 Reading

Reading

Multiple choice, choose single Answer

A Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

The approach to the methodology of learning and teaching has to be comprehensive, presenting all options in an explicit and transparent way, and avoiding advocacy or dogmatism. It has been our fundamental methodological principle that the methods to be employed in language learning, teaching and research are those considered to be most effective in reaching the objectives agreed in the light of the needs of the individual learners in their social context. Effectiveness: is contingent on the motivations and characteristics of the learners as well as the nature of the human and material resources which can be brought into play.

What point is the writer making in this paragraph?


Answer

Answer: 3

B Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

In many ways Britten's most ambitious effort is the War Requiem of 1961, a flawed but still impressive work for chorus, soloists, and orchestra It weaves together the traditional Latin Mass for the Dead with antiwar poems by Wilfrid Owen, a young officer killed in World War I The point of War Requiem is how the words of the liturgical text are reinterpreted and often rendered hollow by the realities of death in war. In this work we see Britten's prodigal inconsistencies on display. For all its problems, the War Requiem will probably survive as one of our time's most impassioned indictments of war and its heroic myth.

Which of the following most accurately summarizes the opinion of the author in the text?


Answer

Answer: 3



Multiple choice, choose multiple Answer

A Read the text and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one response is correct.

Who Are Aborigines? Aborigines are Australia's indigenous people. Recent government statistics counted approximately 400,000 aboriginal people, or about 2% of Australia's total population
Australian Aborigines migrated from somewhere in Asia at least 30,000 years ago Though they comprise 500-600 distinct groups, aboriginal people possess some unifying links Among these are strong spiritual beliefs that tie them to the land; a tribal culture of storytelling and art, and, like other indigenous populations, a difficult colonial history.
The Dreamtime: Aboriginal spirituality entails a close relationship between humans and the land Aborigines call the beginning of the world the "Dreaming" or "Dreamtime" In the “Dreamtime", aboriginal "Ancestors" rose from below the earth to form various parts of nature including animal species, bodies of water, and the sky Unlike other religions, however, aboriginal belief does not place the human species apart from or on a higher level than nature. Aborigines believe some of the Ancestors metamorphosed into nature (as in rock formations or rivers), where they remain spiritually alive.
Storytelling, Art, and the Didgeridoo: The oral tradition of storytelling informs aboriginals' vibrant cultural life Songs illustrate the Dreamtime and other tales of the land, while dances and diagrams drawn in the sand accompany oral tales. In the Northern Territory, aboriginal art includes sculpture, bark and rock paintings, and baskets and beadwork. Rock carvings and paintings can be found in such places as Arnhem Land, Ubirr, and Nourlangie Many aborigines earn a living through selling native artworks
Aboriginal music is often recognizable for its most famous instrument, the didgeridoo. A wind instrument typically made from bamboo, it extends about five feet and produces a low, vibrating hum. Aborigines use didgeridoos in formal ceremonies at such events as sunsets, circumcisions, and funerals.

Which of the following statements about Australian Aborigines can be supported from this text?


Answer

Answer: 3, 4



B Read the text and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one response is correct.

Adaptations enable living organisms to cope with environmental stresses and pressures Adaptation can be structural or behavioral Structural adaptations are special body parts of an organism that help it to survive in its natural habitat (e g., skin color, shape, body covering). Behavioral adaptations are the ways a particular organism behaves to survive in its natural habitat Physiological adaptations are systems present in an organism that allow it to perform certain biochemical reactions (e g making venom, secreting slime, being able to keep a constant body temperature) Adaptations are traits that have been selected for by natural selection. The underlying genetic basis for the adaptive trait did not arise as a consequence of the environment; the genetic variant pre-existed and was subsequently selected because it provided the bearer of that variant some advantage..

Which of the following are true statements about adaptations?


Answer

Answer: 1, 4



Re-order Paragraphs

A The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order.

paragraphs Correct paragraph order (1-5)
A But in Scotland three banks are still allowed to issue banknotes.
B When this bank was founded in 1695, Scots coinage was in short supply and of uncertain value compared with English, Dutch, Flemish or French coin.
C To face growth of trade it was deemed necessary to remedy this lack of an adequate currency.
D The first Scottish bank to do this was the Bank of Scotland.
E In most countries it is only the government through their central banks who are permitted to issue currency.


Answer

Answer: 1-e, 2-a, 3-d, 4-b, 5-c



B The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order.

paragraphs Correct paragraph order (1-5)
A These markets had become rapidly dominated by powerful enterprises who were able to act in their own interests against the interests of both workers and consumers.
B Mill was able to see an expanded role for the State in such legislation to protect us against powerful interests.
C He was able to argue that the State was the only organ that was genuinely capable of responding to social needs and social interests unlike markets.
D There had already been some legislation to prevent such abuses such as various factory acts to prevent the exploitation of child workers.
E Markets may be good at encouraging innovation and following trends but they were no good at ensuring social equality.


Answer

Answer: 1-e, 2-a, 3-d, 4-b, 5-c



Fill In The Blanks

A In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

Considering their lingering reputation as man-killers it’s hardly surprising that hackles are raised any time someone brings up the idea of (1) . Wolves to Scottish Highlands. Debate on this topic has been raging for years (2) would like to see the Highland environment returned to its natural state. Opponents (3) the animals’ (4) for killing livestock

Proponents     |   Reacquainting     |   Propensity     |   Reintroducing     |   Cite     |   Activists     |   Accuse


Answer

Answer: 1-reintroducing, 2-proponents, 3-cite, 4-propensity



B In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

charge often leveled against organic agriculture is that it is more philosophy than science. There is some truth to the indictment if that is what it is , though why organic farmers should feel (1) about it is itself a mystery, a relic perhaps of our fetishism of science as the only (2) . Tool with which to approach nature. The philosophy of (3) . Natural processes precedes the science of understanding them.

Supportive     |   Mimicking     |   Logic     |   Repeating     |   Credible     |   Defensive


Answer

Answer: 1-defensive, 2-credible, 3-mimicking



C In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

Our programme will develop your (1) . knowledge of Computer Science and your problem solving and (2) skills, while enabling you to achieve the (3) qualification for the IT professional. The programme structure is extremely
(4) enabling you to personalize your MSc through a wide range of electives.

Ultimate     |   Variable     |   Analytical     |   Flexible     |   Theoretical     |   Considerable     |   Decisive


Answer

Answer: 1-theoretical, 2-analytical, 3-ultimate, 4-flexible



A Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

This short book has been concerned with the main tool of learning: language. Many children particularly those in the industrial areas of country start their educational lives with this tool blunt and live their early years in home circumstances which often conspire to keep it (1) with the result as the young sixth former wrote in chapter one that even he becomes increasingly conscious of his (2) of fluency which may become the most prominent manifestation of his embarrassment and discomfort. To (3) This to give the child the confidence which derives from (4) of speech and writing is surely one of the prime tasks of the country’s schools. There is no single recipe for a (5) to do this well but it may be helpful to consider the conditions which appear to be (6) to the primary schools whose work has been quoted.



Answer

Answer: 1-blunt, 2-lack, 3-avoid, 4-ease, 5-way, 6-common



B Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank. .

Evidence for a genetic basis of antisocial behavior stems from several different lines of research. First, behavioral genetic studies of twins and adoptees have demonstrated that (1) plays a role in antisocial behavior, including various forms of aggression and criminality, by finding greater concordance for such behavior in genetically(2) individuals, compared to non-relatives living in the same environment. Second, various correlates of antisocial behavior, including personality factors such as impulsivity, sensation-seeking, risk-taking, and callous-unemotional traits, are known to be at least partly genetically
(3) Third, psychiatric outcomes related to antisocial behavior, including antisocial personality disorder, gambling, and substance use and abuse, have also been (4) in genetically informative designs, and each of these has demonstrated significant genetic links.



Answer

Answer:1-heredity, 2-related, 3-influenced, 4-investigated



C Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

Umami was first identified in Japan, in 1908, when Dr Kikunae Ikeda concluded that kombu, a type of edible seaweed, had a different taste than most foods He conducted (1) that found that the high concentration of glutamate in kombu was what made it so tasty. From there, he crystallized monosodium glutamate (MSG), the seasoning that would become(2) the world over. Decades later, umami became scientifically defined as one of the five individual tastes sensed by receptors on the (3) Then in 1996, a team of University of Miami researchers studying taste perception made another breakthrough. They discovered separate taste receptor cells in the tongue for detecting umami. Before then, the concept was uncharted. "Up until our research, the
(4) wisdom in the scientific community was that umami was not a separate sense It was just a combination of the other four qualities (salty, sweet, bitter, sour)”, explained Dr Stephen Roper, the University of Miami physiology and biophysics professor who helped zero in on the taste along with Nirupa Chaudhari, the team's lead researcher.



Answer

Answer: 1-experiments, 2-popular, 3-tongue, 4-predominate



D Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

Global climate change is the greatest environmental challenge we face. We have at most a few decades to make the necessary investments to prevent the most serious impacts of climate change. Future generations will judge us based on the investments we are considering now. In its February 2007 report, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) warns that global emissions must peak no later than 2015 if we are to hold average global temperature increases to 2.4°C (4 3°F) or less. Moving to an emissions pathway that will hold temperature increases to a minimum will require a (1) customary effort. There is no time to lose given the long lag in research and development cycles, and energy-intensive (2) and product turnover. Fundamentally, (3) the world’s energy system is unlikely to occur within this timeframe It is thus imperative to find means to reduce the footprint of the existing system - most particularly, of coal, which is the most greenhouse gas intensive of the fossil fuels driving climate change It is in this context that Carbon Dioxide Capture and Sequestration (CCS) becomes one of the most critical technologies in the menu of choices It is the only option that provides a potentially near-term solution to rapidly expanding coal use here, in China and around the world CCS must play the critical role of (4) growth in emissions from coal until other alternatives are ready



Answer

Answer: 1-colossal, 2-infrastructure, 3-altering, 4-curbing



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