IELTS MASTER | Test13 Reading

Reading

Multiple choice, choose single Answer

A Read the text and Answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

Information is power and the one that is well informed, flexible and quick to adapt wins. The market demands rapidly changing systems that are represented by a set of diverse specialists, professionals and managers. Managers today, need to have skills to comprehend the ever changing situation and take decisions instantly. Soft skills and people management skills are becoming increasingly important as there is a need for cohesive groups that can work together as a team. This new form of management may be termed Ad-hocracy, a workable kinetic organization of the future. Bureaucracy meant all authority and decision-making power was vested in the top management; the 'subordinates' were just supposed to do as 'commanded' by the top man. These power laden hierarchies were the norm around a decade or two earlier but in all probability are headed towards their demise.

Which of the following management systems best survives in today's market place?


Answer

Answer: 3

B Read the text and Answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

When I first went to the U.S., in the 1970s, I found American democracy reigned supreme and as the saying goes when God is in Heaven, everything seems alright with the world. The Vietnam War was at the fag end and President Nixon was trying very hard to end it. It seemed that America rides on a pendulum from good to bad and from bad to good. The pendulum has swung once again, but many believe that the values upheld by the country for so long would not let it remain where it is, for long. America is still a country that is the birthplace of democratic values and the people are patriotic to the core. The honest and hardworking people of the country would bring America's lost glory back home. All that is needed is a good push towards the direction and that can come from the next President.

Why is the big push needed from the next President?


Answer

Answer: 4



Multiple choice, choose multiple Answer

A Read the text and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one response is correct.

To examine the organs of digestion one needs to study the appetite and manner of taking food and drink. A healthy animal has good appetite. Loss of appetite does not point to a diseased condition but comes from a variety of causes, some of which might be physiological. Excitement, strange surroundings, fatigue and hot weather may all cause loss of appetite. Sometimes depression, fever, weakness, stomach disorders or difficulty in swallowing also cause diminished appetite. Sometimes there is desire to eat abnormal things due to chronic disturbance of nutrition. It is variably linked to one's psychological aspects also. In times of inward happiness one tends to binge more on food but in times of turmoil and tension one loses the desire to eat even if hunger persists. At times, thirst faces this imbalance as well. Especially in times of crisis or shock your mouth goes dry. So, hunger loss can not only be connected with appetite loss due to disease, there are profound psychic disturbances also attributing to its fall.

Which of the following are not physiological causes for loss of appetite?


Answer

Answer: 3, 5



B Read the text and Answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one response is correct.

It is hardly possible to take up any newspaper or magazine now a days without coming across advertisements of health supplements whose chief recommendation is that they contain phosphorus and other minerals. They are generally very expensive but reader is assured that they are worth ten times the price asked, on account of their wonderful properties as nerve and brain foods. The proprietors are flourishing due to boosting sales and they spend thousands in advertising. In this era of increasing nervous exhaustion and brain fag there are innumerable sufferers who do not mind wasting their dollars to buy health. They are unaware of the side effects. On the contrary isn't it more enjoy-able to eat apples containing large percentage of, say, phosphorus? They are natural and the best nerve and brain food. Two apples at the beginning of each meal can work wonders. But our inclination to artificiality prevents us from using these natural wonders.

Which of the following are the reasons one should avoid taking the health supplements?


Answer

Answer: 2, 4



Re-order Paragraphs

A The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order.

Jumbled paragraphs Correct paragraph order (1-4)
A And secondly, and in a way even more important, a standard of equal opportunity for all, to ensure that no boy or girl is deprived of the chance of climbing to the top of the educational ladder through poverty or the accidents of birth.
B We can set two sorts of standards there.
C First, a minimum standard below which no one is allowed to fall, in the shape of so many years of elementary education in such and such subjects.
D It is necessary to have a standard of education.
E There are also standards of economic security.


Answer

Answer: 1-d, 2-b, 3-c, 4-a, 5-e



B The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order.

Jumbled paragraphs Correct paragraph order (1-4)
A The mere and naked material of nature we eye with indifference, or trample on with disdain.
B It grates against the heart to think of the tone in which we unconsciously permit ourselves to address a rustic.
C There is something humbling to human pride in a rustic life.
D It is a sad thought to feel that we despise him; that all we respect in our species is what has been created by art; the gaudy dress, the glittering equipage, or even the cultivated intellect.


Answer

Answer: 1-c, 2-b, 3-d, 4-a



Fill In The Blanks

A In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

The ills of the modern home are symptomatic. Divorce, childless families, (1) children, and the decadence of the old type of separate home life are signs of forgotten ideals, (2) motives, and insufficient purposes. Where the home is only an opportunity for self-indulgence, it easily becomes a cheap, (3) a sleeping-shelf, an implement for social advantage. Happiness and efficiency of the family depends not so much on
(4) parameters as on home and family.

Irreverent     |   Cultural     |   Boarding house     |   Multiple     |   Artificial     |   Economic     |   restaurant     |   Lost


Answer

Answer: 1-irreverant, 2-lost, 3-boarding house, 4-economic



B In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

It is easy to secure buildings and classrooms for our schools. The expenditure of so many dollars will bring us the equipment we (1) Books and materials may be had almost for the (2) . The great is to secure teachers — teachers of power and (3) who are able to leave their impression on young (4) Without such teachers all the rest is but as sounding brass or a tinkling cymbal.

Bring     |   Devotion     |   Tutors     |   Asking     |   Minds     |   Demand     |   Require     |   Problem


Answer

Answer: 1-require, 2-asking, 3-devotion, 4-minds



C In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

The average Japanese learns about the gods and draws (1) for his patriotism from Shinto, maxims for his ethical and
(2) life from Confucius, and his hope of what he regards as (3) from Buddhism. These three religious systems, as at present constituted, are "book religions." They rest upon ancient Japanese (4) and the modern commentators; upon the Chinese classics; and upon the shastras and sutras with which Gautama, the Buddha, had some-thing to do. In primeval and prehistoric Japan neither these books nor the religions growing out of the books were extant.

Literature     |   Devotion     |   Political     |   Inspiration     |   Novels     |   Social     |   Salvation


Answer

Answer: 1-inspiration, 2-social, 3-salvation, 4-literature



D In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

Whatever field you have chosen in life, the success will come to you only by way of dogged (1) . A pessimistic would say, "Ok, if they became successful, they were I (2) enough." But I differ with it. Luck is when preparation meets opportunity. If you want to be successful, you can become so only with persistence and determination. The only thing is that do not give up (3) efforts. Keep on pursuing whatever you are after against all (4) .

Making     |   Strong     |   Odds     |   Determination     |   Efforts     |   Lucky     |   Trial


Answer

Answer: 1-determination, 2-lucky, 3-making, 4-odds



A Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

(1) , wit, judgment, and the other talents of the mind, however they may be named, or courage, resolution, perseverance, as qualities of temperament, are undoubtedly good and (2) in many respects; but these gifts of nature may also become extremely bad and mischievous if the (3) which is to make use of them, and which, therefore, constitutes what is called character, is not good. It is the same with the gifts of fortune. Power, riches, honor, even health, and the general (4) and contentment with one's condition which is called happiness, inspire pride, and often presumption, if there is not a good will to correct the influence of these on the mind, and with this also to rectify the whole principle of acting and adapt it to its end. The sight of a being that is not adorned with a single feature of a pure and good will, enjoying unbroken prosperity, can never give pleasure to an impartial rational
(5) Thus a good will appears to constitute the (6) condition even of being worthy of happiness.



Answer

Answer: 1-intelligence, 2-desirable, 3-will, 4-well-being, 5-spectator, 6-indispensable



B Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

Darwin's theory of Natural Selection brought about (1) changes in philosophical thoughts as well; the anthropologists scrapped the old
(2) and ideas and started reinterpreting the historical facts in the light of new research. The history of (3) of life on earth reveals very interesting facts. The scientists believe that life in water, and it took billions of years for life to evolve from simple organisms to the ones we see today. In evolutionary historical process, many fascinating changes took place; out of which, the evolution of the origin of shells has been the most astounding. Most, but not all mollusks have shells; the purpose of the same is (4) from predators. Shells enchant us no end with their vast variety of forms, textures and combinations of colours. Shells were more or less used as (5) by these animals, to back off from danger. Then, there were species like tortoises, which seem to benefit from nature's creative force the most and in the process got themselves designer shells.



Answer

Answer: 1-revolutionary, 2-theories, 3-evolution, 4-originated, 5-protection



C Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

If we look for life in the sun, for instance, while accepting the prevalent (1) of the sun as a center of intense (2) action, we must abandon all our ideas of the physical organization of life formed upon what we know of it from experimental evidence. We cannot
(3) any form of life that has ever been presented to our senses as existing in the sun. But this is not generally true of the planets. While discussing about the propagation of life on a more planetary level than solar, we may find reasons for believing that on some of the planets the conditions are such that creatures organized like ourselves could not survive, yet we cannot positively say that every form of living organism must necessarily be excluded from a world whose environment would be (4) for us and our contemporaries in (5) life.



Answer

Answer: 1-conception, 2-thermal, 3-imagine, 4-unsuited, 5-terrestrial



D Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

The major problems related to environmental pollution and decrease in the amount of natural resources vary from local, regional and global levels. A lot of
(1) has been caused to the environment due to pollution at various levels. Air pollution results from burning of coal and other fossil fuels. They must be removed from air to keep our air clean. Sewage from homes and waste from industries are major causes of pollution of water bodies which kill fishes and other animals living in the water (2) causing water pollution. Land pollution is another type of pollution in which solid waste products create problem when dumped in the (3) . Other major environmental issues relate to increasing greenhouse effect is (4) the earth and depletion of ozone in the atmosphere. The main reasons of greenhouse effect are increase in the level of carbon dioxide and other harmful gases besides cutting of trees in the forests. The depletion of ozone in the atmosphere (5) various risks like skin cancer and other problems.



Answer

Answer: 1-harm, 2-bodies, 3-landfills, 4-warming, 5-poses



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