IELTS MASTER | Test12 Reading

Reading

Multiple choice, choose single Answer

A Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

One strong emotion that corrupts our brains is anger. The circulation of the blood increases in the angry man who feels cheated as he loses self-control and picks up a row. Why is one compelled to react to these negative emotions so strongly and irrationally? When one receives some bad news, self-control becomes impossible, the senses stop working and one may suffer anxiety and restlessness. This gap in self-control increases the chances that one feels cheated and the animal instincts take over. Is there a way out of the situation? The trick here is to observe our emotions, instead of immediately reacting. This proves as an in-built check on negative tendencies like cheating. In other words, the strongest of emotions can be overpowered by introspection.

What physical condition makes a person lose self-control and get angry?


Answer

Answer: 2

B Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

Interestingly, biotechnology existed even in pre-historic ages when the early man started harvesting crops and domesticating animals. In the good old days, the bakers experimented with soft, spongy bread. The poor baker did not know that he was making experiments as a pioneer biotechnologist. Animal breeders of early ages experimented with cross-breeding and realized that the favorable traits could be magnified in the offspring. Some scientists believe that biotechnology is a solution to all problems of life on this earth. The new discoveries of biotechnology have helped farmers to get pest-resistant crops and farmers are able to increase production, nutrition and many other characteristics. Scientists have developed techniques of gene splicing and recombinant DNA technology to get new molecules. They are confident that plant breeding can solve the food problem in India.

How is biotechnology a probable solution to all problems of life on this Earth?


Answer

Answer: 4



Multiple choice, choose multiple Answer

A Read the text and Answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one response is correct.

Many individuals claim for themselves, and make a living by so doing, a peculiar property or power as potent mesmerizers and hypnotizers. One even often hears it said in society (I am sorry to say that these mischievous practices and pranks are sometimes made a society game) that such a person is a clever hypnotist or has great mesmeric or healing power. I hope to be able to prove, what I firmly hold, both from my own personal experience and experiment, that there is no such thing as a potent mesmeric influence, no such power resident in any one person more than another; that a glass of water, a tree, or a stick can mesmerize as effectually as can any individual. A clever hypnotizer means only a person who is acquainted with the physical or mental tricks by which the hypnotic condition is produced; or sometimes an ignorant imposter who is unaware of the very trifling part for which he is cast in the play, and who supposes himself really to possess a mysterious power which in fact he does not possess at all, or which, to speak more accurately, is equally possessed by every stock or stone."

The author compares the mesmeric power of a clever hypnotist with powers of which of the following?


Answer

Answer: 2, 3, 4



B Read the text and Answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one response is correct.

The ongoing conflict between two mega cola companies is known to all. All carbonated beverages generally lie under the flagship of two champs in this field, Coca Cola Company and PepsiCo. The brand conflict has furthered to a great extent. The lust to dominate does not extend to supermarkets alone. The turmoil extends from control over restaurants supply of colas to suppliers to big countries. The rivalry is for global control. This long battle to sweep the global market has lasted for decades. It seems as legendary as the conflict of good and evil. But the choice depends on consumers' taste buds. The consumer taste criteria adjudge what is 'good' and what is the 'evil'. Both Coca cola and PepsiCo leave no stone unturned. They go to the extent of deterring the rival company on URLs and through commercials. Despite all the convulsive episodes, and both companies claiming the ball to be in their court, the consumer i.e. the jury is still undecided who rules the market.

What business spheres have been mentioned for the cola companies to gain control of the global cola business?


Answer

Answer: 1, 5



Re-order Paragraphs

A The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order.

Jumbled paragraphs Correct paragraph order (1-4)
A By beginning so early, he knows that he has plenty of time to do all his work thoroughly; he is not tempted to hurry over any part of it.
B After a sound night's rest he rises early next morning in good health and spirits for the labors of a new day.
C He gets to sleep several hours before midnight at the time when sleep is most refreshing.
D In many cases the early riser also finds time to take some exercise in the fresh morning air, and this exercise supplies him with a reserve of energy that will last until the evening.
E All his work having been finished in good time, he has a long interval of rest in the evening before the timely hour when he goes to bed.


Answer

Answer: 1-d, 2-a, 3-e, 4-c, 5-b



B The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order.

Jumbled paragraphs Correct paragraph order (1-4)
A It is true that legislative and administrative capacities are developed largely by experience in this public life, but foundations need to be laid at a much earlier stage.
B The proper conduct of universities is a matter of first rate importance to the state, because it is there that leaders of the country are trained.
C It is from this university teaching that a young man should learn to examine critically the material before him, to arrive at a balanced judgment; and not to be carried away by mere catchwords.
D Education there is calculated to produce and is producing, men who will be able to play worthy part in public life.


Answer

Answer: 1-b, 2-d, 3-a, 4-c



Fill In The Blanks

A In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

The fundamental idea of the mind cure system is that there is no such thing as (1) . Disease is an error of the (2) , the result of fear. Fear is only faith inverted and perverted. God, who is all good Himself, and who made everything good, cannot have been the author of any disease. As the disease is not a (3) , it has no existence, and when the healer succeeds in impressing this fact upon the mind of the patient, the
(4) is effected.

Creation     |   Cure     |   Body     |   Mind     |   Change     |   Sickness     |   Generation


Answer

Answer: 1-sickness, 2-mind, 3-creation, 4-cure



B In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

As a (1) is constructed from different kinds of materials, a diet is constructed from fuel material, body building material, and body regulating material. No diet is perfect without any one of them. It needs some thought to put the various (2) materials together. Like different building materials needed to build a house, different (3) materials have to be thoughtfully put (4) to make a balanced diet. But there are a few which work for all parts of the body.

Building     |   Away     |   Food     |   Organic     |   House     |   Structure     |   Together


Answer

Answer: 1-house, 2-building, 3-food, 4-together



C In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

A (1) name' earned in youth has a long way to go. But those who overlook this make a lamentable (2) , which unless speedily corrected can prove disastrous throughout life. For a young man, a good character is the (3) . capital he can possess to start with in life. It is more dependable than (4) . Reputation is most important for success even during failure, for when money
(5) reputation stays.

Best     |   Fault     |   Good     |   Gold     |   Family     |   Abandons     |   Point     |   Mistake


Answer

Answer: 1-good, 2-mistake, 3-best, 4-gold, 5-abandons



D Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate Answer choice for each blank.

The gated community offers services par excellence and an escape from regular (1) problems like power cuts, water cuts, improper roads, clogged sewerage system and heaps of (2) . The real estate developer provides all the basic amenities like power supply, water supply, waste management, water warming et al. And people have the added benefit of living among 'their own types'. In this (3) world, who will not long for a stress-free space (4) sharing one's sensibilities?

Problems     |   Civic     |   Material     |   Garbage     |   Neighbors     |   Social     |   Insensitive


Answer

Answer: 1-civic, 2-garbage, 3-insensitive, 4-neighbors



A Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate Answer choice for each blank.

So early as the third century B.C., Buddhism seems to have (1) in China, though it was not until the latter part of the first century A.D. that a regular propaganda was established, and not until a century or two later still that this religion began to take a firm (2) of the Chinese people. It was
(3) opposed by the Taoists, and only after the lapse of many centuries were the two doctrines able to exist side by side in peace. Each religion began early to borrow from the other. In the words of the philosopher Chu Hsi, of the twelfth century, "Buddhism stole the best features of Taoism; Taoism stole the worst features of Buddhism. It is as though one took a (4) from the other, and the loser recouped the loss with a stone." Nowadays it takes an expert to
(5) between the temples and priests of the two religions, and members of both hierarchies are often simultaneously summoned by persons needing religious consolation or ceremonial of any kind.



Answer

Answer: 1-appeared, 2-hold, 3-bitterly, 4-jewel, 5-distinguish



B Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate Answer choice for each blank.

A firm believer of the theory that every action and thought has a cause probably entangled with the unconscious mind, he considered dreams to be the
(1) emotions in disguise. Every dream has a symbolic notation. It is a representation of our hidden pleasures and
(2) which our ego has guarded in day's light. In the blackness of night these pent up urges get outrageous and find way through dreams, even healthy minded dream. The suppression became the (3) to these dreams. The content or stimuli to these dreams could relate to any present or past event of restriction. Freud's writing (4) the existence of dream interpreters or terminology explaining meanings of dream symbols. He said the significance of all dreams could be studied through personal experience as self (5) would be the best to study one's own fantasies.



Answer

Answer: 1-suppressed, 2-desires, 3-stimuli, 4-rejected, 5-analysis



C Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate Answer choice for each blank.

'Whether the argument is oral or written, the active (1) is to make the other person take your view of the subject. In an explanation we put forth our personal attitude before others but in an argument, we realize people are having a different view on the same subject. So we use two weapons — one is of conviction and the other is of persuasion. We try to prove the authenticity of our criteria by (2) others, using practical examples so that the other party comes round to our point of view. We also use moralizing to bring more partisans to our view. But when this lacks practical touch it can be called
(3) If you put forth that the shape of hills in New England is due to glaciers, you are first trying to persuade. Since here logic is
(4) it cannot be convincing. Human thinking and feeling also comes to rescue. The first reaction could be spontaneous due to feeling but reasoning does come later. So in all arguments one must keep in mind both the forces so that our criterion sees light.



Answer

Answer: 1-purpose, 2-convincing, 3-persuasion, 4-lacking



D Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate Answer choice for each blank.

Many theories have been advanced, seeking variously to identify nationalism with language, culture, race, politics, geography, economics, or religion. Now these, and even other, matters may be factors predisposing or contributing to the formation of national consciousness. But, in the last analysis, nationalism is something over and above all its
(1) elements, which it works into a new and higher (2) . As a matter of fact, nationalism is a state of mind — a belief, held by a fairly large number of individuals, that they constitute a "Nationality"; it is a sense of belonging together as a "Nation". This "Nation", as visualized in the minds of its believers, is a people or community associated together and organized under one (3) , and dwelling together in a distinct
(4) . "State" is the material manifestation of an ideal, which may have pre-existed for generations as a mere pious aspiration with no
(5) attributes like state sovereignty or physical frontiers.



Answer

Answer: 1-constituent, 2-synthesis, 3-government, 4-territory, 5-tangible



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