IELTS MASTER | Test11 Reading

Reading

Multiple choice, choose single Answer

A Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

Thinking about work is the beginning of one of the happiest and most useful of our experiences. Through work comes to us the pleasure of a growing knowledge of the great world and its wonders, the delight of intercourse with other people and the happiness of friendship with our fellow-workers. Work well done is a doorway to whatever good things we most desire. Best of all, perhaps, is the satisfaction of feeling that we are useful citizens. Today we have a wide field from which to choose our particular form of occupation. To choose wisely is a duty we owe to ourselves and to our motherland — to ourselves, because a wise choice helps to secure our happiness in work; to our motherland, because she has a right to the best we can offer her in return for the peace and freedom in which we live under her laws.

Apart from addition to knowledge and friendship what other pleasures does work provide us?


Answer

Answer: 2

B Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

The return journey has begun. The onset of recession has pushed the Diaspora to the brink and forced some to consider return to their native economies. India being large, diverse and upcoming economic power has many takers. Many have already returned while a few returns are on the cards. The deceleration in the US has prompted people to act. The fall in manufacturing sector due to expensive labor has been a crucial aspect of this. The meltdown is many sided and even multinationals are drying up on new projects. So when people feel the pinch on their pay packets they prefer to return to upcoming countries like India for work. Then there are also fears about green card delays and visa problem. Indian economy has been booming lately. So people ponder about the upcoming opportunities. Is this the beginning of a brain drain of a different type? News reports in the U.S. are alarming.

What is the brain drain discussed in the text?


Answer

Answer: 2



Multiple choice, choose multiple Answer

A Read the text and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one response is correct.

Technically sound software for communication can be essential for saving time but critically analyzing it can never take over the supremacy that face to face conversation enjoys. Studies have confirmed that communication has less to do with what one says than with the way it is expressed. The gestures and facial expressions involved mean much more than the content. An experiment performed on babies proved this point. A group of four-month old babies were shown faces on a screen. Sometimes, the faces developed an eye contact with babies and sometimes they averted their stare. Slowly an observation was made that babies who had no verbal communication, responded to facial non-verbal communication also. So we can well understand how important is a healing touch or a loving gesture of face to face conversation. The only ones who have benefited from these text communications are those who are shy. Some people have face anxiety and are at a loss of words at times of face to face communication. For them this type of distant chatting is quite helpful.

Which mediums for face to face communication have been discussed in the text?


Answer

Answer: 2, 4, 5



B Read the text and Answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one response is correct.

In the fourth century, when the arts were declining, the Roman style of architecture became debased, and the predominant features consisted of massive square piers or columns, without entablatures, from the imposts of which sprung arches of a semicircular form. It was in rude imitation of this style that the Saxon churches were constructed. The Roman basilicas, or halls of justice, some of which were subsequently converted into churches, furnished the plan for internal arrangement of churches of a large size, divided in the interior by rows or columns. From this division the nave and aisles of a church were derived. The Anglo-Saxon churches, as far as can be ascertained, were of no great dimensions and almost entirely devoid of ornamental moldings. Many of the earlier writers on this subject have, how-ever, caused much confusion by applying the term `SAXON' to all churches and other edifices contradistinguished from the pointed style by semicircular-headed doorways, windows, and arches. But the vestiges of Anglo-Saxon architecture have been as yet so little studied, in what their peculiarities consist. The style may, how-ever, be said to have approximated in appearance much nearer to the Debased Roman style of masonry than the Norman, and to have been also much ruder. In the most ancient churches, we find arches constructed in Roman fashion.

In which of the following respects does the architectural style of some of the Anglo-Saxon churches imitate the late Roman style?


Answer

Answer: 2, 4



Re-order Paragraphs

A The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order.

Jumbled paragraphs Correct paragraph order (1-4)
A In society, the largest and the most popular, in readership or in audience, does not necessarily mean the best.
B Education should therefore be cognitive, not equal.
C When we said that the function of education was to develop the best in each per-son, what did we mean?
D In an equalitarian society, a man's judgment is theoretically as good as another's.
E The equalitarian, in so far as he maintains that one man's taste is as good as another's, is wrong.


Answer

Answer: 1-d, 2-a, 3-c, 4-e, 5-b



B The paragraphs have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order.

Jumbled paragraphs Correct paragraph order (1-4)
A And so, if he thinks they are wrong he may try to persuade them to believe differently, but he will not try to force them.
B A tolerant person is one who does not interfere with other people, even if he thinks they are wrong.
C The last but not the least important way in which science has changed people and made them more civilized is by making them more tolerant.
D He is prepared to let them think what they like and say what they think.


Answer

Answer: 1-c, 2-b, 3-d, 4-a



Fill In The Blanks

A In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

"Dickens in Camp" is held by many (1) of Bret Harte to be his (2) of verse. The poem has evident sincerity and depth of feeling as well as the quality of (3) expression. Bret Harte has been generally accepted as the one American writer who possessed the faculty of heart appeal, which enables the writer and his writings to live in the (4) of the reading public for all time.

Poetic     |   Detractors     |   Thinking     |   Masterpiece     |   Classic     |   Admirers     |   prose     |   Memory


Answer

Answer: 1-admirers, 2-masterpiece, 3-poetic, 4-memory



B In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

The cave is (1) of several spacious gallerias, is adorned with almost 300 Paleolithic paintings and engravings (dating 18000-20000 years before present time). The focus is on a wide (2) of animals including bears, owls, mammoths, rhino's, etc. The cave has also retained several vestiges of (3) activities, which denote an evolution in tools and habits. Totally left intact and (4) by any human intrusion, the cave represents an exceptional source of (5) for archaeologists.

Consist     |   Driven     |   Composed     |   Studies     |   Human     |   Economic     |   Untouched     |   Variety


Answer

Answer: 1-composed, 2-variety, 3-human, 4-untouched, 5-studies



C In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

The draft stated that the election of the E.U. president would be for a fixed term. The constitution framers said that instead of the existing (1) where presidency was rotated among members every six months, the new council head —the president —would be at the decision making table for a
(2) of 5 years. He would (3) the geopolitical scene of Europe at the world stage. This would help curtail any
(4) at the decision making level.

Represent     |   Stay     |   System     |   Face     |   Government     |   Paralysis     |   Tenure


Answer

Answer: 1-system, 2-tenure, 3-represent, 4-paralysis



D In the text below some words are missing. Choose the correct word to fill each blank from the box below. There are more words than you need to complete the exercise.

The treasure of wisdom and science, which all men desire by an (1) of nature, infinitely surpasses all the (2) of the world; in respect of which precious stones are worthless; in comparison with which silver is clay and pure gold is just a little sand; at whose (3) the sun and the moon are dark; compared with whose marvelous sweetness honey is bitter to the taste.

Inheritance     |   Behalf     |   Riches     |   Splendor     |   Instinct     |   Needs


Answer

Answer: 1-instinct, 2-riches, 3-splendor



A Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

The first fact that stands out clearly as a characteristic of (1) life is activity. Everybody seems to be doing something. Activity seems
(2) . Farmers are cultivating their broad acres, woods-men are chopping and hewing, miners are (3) in underground chambers, and the products of farm, forest, and mine are finding their way to the great distributing centers. Busiest of all are the throngs that thread the streets of the great centers, and (4) in and out of stores and offices. Men and women rush from one office department stores to another; children pour into the intellectual hopper of the schoolroom and from there to the playground. Everybody is busy, and everybody is (5) personal profit and satisfaction.



Answer

Answer: 1-social, 2-fundamental, 3-drilling, 4-pour, 5-seeking



B Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

There is a subtle difference between enduring continuance, which in other words is (1) and firmly adhering to one's chosen course of action which is called obstinacy. Something of note here is the difference between the attitudes of scientists around the world. While some of them persistently work on some projects; others give them up at some (2) or the other. A notable example here is Fleming. Fleming started doing work on penicillin in the late 20s. He tried his best to (3) it but failed in his efforts. He wrote in 1932 that he discontinued working on penicillin and gave his (4) as well. He said that it would never be useful and found it to be very (5) . Later on, in 1941 Florey and Chaine started their efforts to purify penicillin. And because of their very persistent efforts, they discovered a (6) to purify it. Both of them along with Fleming were awarded the Nobel Prize.



Answer

Answer: 1-persistence, 2-stage, 3-purify, 4-reasons, 5-unstable, 6-process



C Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

Every individual has his own personality that belongs to him, (1) from every other individual. But the development of that personality is dependent on relations with other personalities and with the physical (2) which limits his activity. As an individual, his primary interest is in self, but he finds by experience that he cannot survive in (3) . His impulses, his feelings, and his ideas are due to the relations that he has with that which is outside of himself. He may exercise choice, but it is within the limits set by these outside relations. He may make use of what they can do for him or he may antagonize them; he cannot
(4) them. How the individual best adapts himself to his environment and adapts the environment to his own needs helps establish certain definite relationships. Any group of individuals, who have thus consciously (5) relationships with one another and with their social environment, is a society. The relationships through which the interplay of social forces is constantly going on make up the social (6) .



Answer

Answer: 1-distinct, 2-environment, 3-solitude, 4-ignore, 5-established, 6-organization



D Below is a text with blanks. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

The world undoubtedly (1) much to the study and research of the true scientist. All true art is based upon science. Science is knowledge of certain phenomena or movements which are found under certain (2) to occur regularly. The object of the true art is to study the conditions which allow these phenomena to occur. But the greatest (3) of the many systems, formulated upon the theories of the scientists, and of the so-called scientists, was not so much in their being based upon theories which often were (4) as in the misunderstanding and misapplication of true theories. While it is true that the world owes much to science and the scientists, yet "the highest science can never fully explain the true phenomena, which are truly the phenomena of (5) .



Answer

Answer: 1-owes, 2-conditions, 3-mistake, 4-wrong, 5-nature



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