IELTS MASTER | PTE Listening Test 3

Listening



Section 1: Summarize spoken text

A You will hear a short lecture. Write a summary for a fellow student who was not present at the lecture. You should write 50-70 words.

You will have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points presented in the lecture.

Answer

Answer: The lecture is about a professor telling about a subject called psychogeography. According to the professor it is the study of the effects of the geographical environment on the emotions and behavior of people. This is mainly concerned with urban cities and psycho-geographers criticize the way in which modern cities are being planned.



B You will hear a short lecture. Write a summary for a fellow student who was not present at the lecture. You should write 50-70 words.

You will have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points presented in the lecture.

Answer

Answer: It is almost impossible to talk about the history of the novel without starting with a definition of it, which is by no means easy to do. We all know what we ourselves mean by a novel and have our favorite novelists, whether they are from the heyday of Victorian fiction - Dickens, say, or George Elliot - or someone more modern or postmodern, for example, B. S. Johnson, who is famed for writing a novel that was bought in a box, with loose pages that you could read in any order. Again, you might be a fan of crime or detective fiction, which brings the added complication of genre. That is, does the fact that a work of fiction is comedy, tragedy, satire, ghost story, and so on, affect our definition? Anyway, as far as the history of the English novel is concerned, we're on fairly solid ground when we date the first novels to the late 17th and early 18lh centuries. The first that is still read as a novel in the way we read novels now is Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress, which did have an enormous. effect on English prose writing, but for me it would be Defoe's Robinson Crusoe. Now, people have tried to locate the beginnings even earlier than tills, to Elizabethan prose writing and even further back, but I think this is to lose sight of what a novel is and does and confuses any kind of fiction with the true novel.



Section 2: Multiple choice, choose multiple Answer

A Listen to the recording and Answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. You will need to select more than one response.

Which of the following conditions need to be met by parents who want to have their children educated at home?

Answer

Answer: 1, 4



B Listen to the recording and Answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. You will need to select more than one response.

According to the text, who were originally responsible for popularizing rice in Europe?

Answer

Answer: 3, 6



Section 3: Fill in the blanks

A You will hear a recording. Write the missing words in each blank.

There have been many studies in America of the (1) and behavior of university lecturers and professors, and of well-known “free” or public thinkers who are not (2) to a university or other (3) which show that those who are recognized as being more successful or productive as scholars in their field, or are at the best universities, are much more likely to have critical opinions. That is to say that they are more likely to hold liberal views - in the American use of that word than those of their (4) who are less creative or who have less of a
(5) The better a university is, as measured by the test results of its students or by the prestige of its (6) the more likely it has been that there will be student unrest and a relatively left-of-center faculty.

Answer

Answer: 1-opinions, 2-attached, 3-institution, 4-colleagues, 5-reputatoin, 6-staff



B You will hear a recording. Write the missing words in each blank.

However simple or complex the chain of events in any given situation, when looked into it usually reveals a train of (1) relationships they are seen to be (2) in some way. The methods of analysis aim to establish these relationships and provide a solid background for useful
(3) based on what at first appear to be separate events. The first step in this process is to collect facts and then see if any particular
(4) emerge. If they do, it then becomes possible to form theories related to the facts, and this type of empirical theory forms a useful basis for
(5) and prediction. However, on its own this theory is not enough; the essential second step is to test it by collecting more facts and by checking predictions against events. These new facts may mean you have to (6) the theory, bearing in mind that new facts can only either disprove or
(7) a theory - they cannot prove it to be right.

Answer

Answer: 1-causal, 2-linked, 3-generalizations, 4-patterns, 5-analysis, 6-modify, 7-support



Section 4: Highlight correct summary

A You will hear a recording. Choose the paragraph that best relates to the recording.

1 The speaker is a trained marine biologist who became an anthropologist after hearing about an ancient people who lived on beaches and got their food from the sea. Because he was a keen fisherman, he identified with these people and began to study anthropology. They lived in a very simple way, catching fish with their hands and gathering shells, such as oysters.

2 The speaker is a marine biologist who became interested in the Strandlopers, an ancient people who lived on the coastline, because of their and his connection to the sea. Their way of life intrigued him - as a child he had spent a lot of time by the sea, exploring and collecting things - so he began to study them, and discovered some interesting information about their way of life, how they hunted, what tools they used, and so on.

3 The speaker is a marine biologist who became an archaeologist when he heard about a mythical people called the Strandlopers, or beach-walkers. He was interested in them because as a child he had lived by the sea and so he identified with them. His aim was to prove they were not a myth and set about finding evidence to prove they really existed, and in this he was successful.

Answer

Answer: 2



B You will hear a recording. Choose the paragraph that best relates to the recording.

1 To understand the past you have to be able, as far as possible, to think as the people in the period you are studying thought. The example of what it must have been like to be a peasant in the Middle Ages is used. However, sensibilities change over time and we can’t completely throw off the mentality of the present. Therefore, every age will have a slightly different perspective on the same period of the past, no matter what the facts are.

2 The text explains how, in order to understand people in the historical period they are studying, a historian must have the same ability the novelist has to get into the minds of characters. This is due to the fact that the world was different then, and the ways of thinking have changed, for example, between the Middle Ages and the 21s' century. He explains this by saying historian's sensibilities change over time.

3 As a historian, if you really want to understand the sensibilities of those who lived in the past, you must be like a novelist and get into the skins of your characters and think and feel as they do. You are asked to imagine what it’s like to be a peasant in medieval times, asking the sort of questions a peasant might ask. What the writer is saying is that a historian needs imaginative sympathy with ordinary people in the past.

Answer

Answer: 1



Section 5: Multiple choice, choose single Answer

A Listen to the recording and Answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

Which of the following statements is true about the use of contour lines in map-making?


Answer

Answer: 3



B Listen to the recording and Answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

According to the text, when did signs advertising businesses become compulsory?


Answer

Answer: 4



Section 6: Select missing word

A You will hear a recording about the brain. At the end of the recording, the last word or group of words has been replaced by a beep. Select the correct option to complete the recording.



Answer

Answer: 2



B You will hear a recording about money. At the end of the recording, the last word or group of words has been replaced by a beep. Select the correct option to complete the recording.



Answer

Answer: 3



Section 7: Highlight incorrect words

A You will hear a recording. Below is a transcription of the recording. Some words in the transcription differ from what the speakers) said. As you listen, circle the words that are different.

“No news is good news” may be true for most of us most of the time - after all, we don’t look forward to unpleasant things happening to us - but “Bad news is good news” is true for those who work in the news media, and, I suspect, for the rest of us, at least some of the time. It is tied up with stories and our seemingly unsatisfied need for stories. Have you ever been grasped by a story where nothing goes wrong for the characters? There’s an accident in a Kingsley Amis novel that nicely illuminates this: the main character Jake comes home to find his wife chatting to a friend about a hairdresser both women know who has moved with his family to somewhere in Africa. Jake listens in, expecting tales of cannibalism and such like, but no, the friend has just received a letter saying they love the place and are settling in nicely. Jake leaves the room in disgrace.
We demand to be entertained and while we do not object to a happy ending the characters have to have experienced loss pain and hardship in one form or another along the way to have earned it.



Answer

Answer: unsatisfied, grasped, accident, illuminates, disgrace, earned



B You will hear a recording. Below is a transcription of the recording. Some words in the transcription differ from what the speaker(s) said. As you listen, circle the words that are different.

Leisure travel was, in a sense, a British invention. This was mostly due to economic and social factors; Britain was the first country to become fully industrialized, and industrial society offered greater numbers of people time for leisure. This, coupled with improvements in transport, especially the railways, meant that large numbers of people could get to holiday resorts in a very short time.
Modern mass tourism of a sort we can easily recognize today began in 1841 when Thomas Cook organized the first packet tour, in which everything was included in the price - travel, hotel and entertainment. To cater for the large numbers of new holiday-makers, holiday camps were established, both on the coast and in the countryside, and they became immensely popular. Their popularity declined, however, with the rise of cheap overseas tours, which gave many people their first opportunity to travel about.



Answer

Answer: mostly, greater, packet, price, about



Section 8: Write from dictation

You will hear some sentences. Write each sentence exactly as you hear it. Write as much of each sentence as you can. You will hear each sentence only once.

1

2

3

4



Answer

  • 1. This has been a major source of confusion for academics.
  • 2. None of the alternatives is satisfactory.
  • 3. The aim of the course is to provide a broad theoretical basis.
  • 4. Has all the evidence been properly examined?


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