A You will hear a short lecture. Write a summary for a fellow student who was not present at the lecture. You should write 50-70 words.
You will have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points presented in the lecture.
Answer: There is, of course, no denying that we are still at a very early stage in understanding weather. The effects of such variables as rainfall, cloud formation, the seas and oceans, gases such as methane and ozone, or even solar energy are still not really understood, and therefore the predictions about their effects cannot always be relied on. Dr. James Hansen, in 1988, was predicting that the likely effects of global warming would be a rising of world temperature which would have disastrous consequences for mankind: "a strong cause and effect relationship between the current climate and human alteration of the atmosphere". He now believes that, rather than getting hotter, our planet is getting greener as a result of the carbon dioxide increase, with the prospect of increasing vegetation in areas which in recent history have been frozen wastelands. In addition, if we look at the much reported rise in global temperature over the last century, a close analysis reveals that the lion's share of that increase, almost three quarters in total, occurred before man began to 'poison' his world with industrial processes and the accompanying greenhouse gas emissions in the second half of the twentieth century.
B You will hear a short lecture. Write a summary for a fellow student who was not present at the lecture. You should write 50-70 words.
You will hear a short lecture. Write a summary for a fellow student who was not present at the lecture. You should write 50-70 words.
Answer: The term water harvesting, particularly rainwater harvesting, has been used for centuries. Rainwater harvesting is generally described as the conscious collection and storage of rainwater to meet the demands of water for drinking and domestic irrigation. Water is harvested for a variety of purposes. One is to halt the gradual decline in water availability and to amplify the abundance of water resources already available. Another potential use of water harvesting is to reduce the effects of soil erosion and to inculcate a culture of water conservation. The importance of rainwater harvesting needs no words. In the present scenario of finite fresh water resources, it has become indispensable to manage and distribute water so that everyone has access to this precious resource. Community participation and traditional water harvesting systems throughout the country have augmented the already available sources of water and thereby have mitigated the water crisis to some extent. However, more needs to be done when it comes to harvesting water. This is due to the fact that humanity has been increasing in numbers significantly and this has brought about a need for more agriculture. Agriculture is the biggest user of water, far exceeding what a population uses on a daily basis for their general needs such as drinking, washing and bathing.
A Listen to the recording and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. You will need to select more than one response.
B Listen to the recording and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. You will need to select more than one response.
A You will hear a recording. Write the missing words in each blank.
B You will hear a recording. Write the missing words in each blank.
A You will hear a recording. Choose the paragraph that best relates to the recording.
1 Art is much more a matter of intuition than of analysis. Though some analysis of the means of expression may have a role to play, it is best left to the artist how much is too much.
2 Intuition is a matter of art, not of training and analysis. Unlike talent, the genius of intuition is best expressed through God.
3 An artist perfects his art through intuition. Intuition, and art through which it expresses itself, are not amenable to Volume analysis.
4 Too much training and analysis may kill the real intuition that is the mark of a genius. Let the artist express his genius as a gift of God and not as something materialistic for which he has acquired knowledge and training.
B You will hear a recording. Choose the paragraph that best relates to the recording.
1 The animal life of North America, abundant till only a century ago, was systematically exterminated by the big game hunters and market gunners with the silent and criminal connivance of the farmers.
2 The abundant animal life of North America, which took more than a century to be fully explored, was cruelly and barbarically killed by market-minded hunters and foolish farmers.
3 Various species of big-game fauna wandered the plains, mountains, forests and deserts of North America, until they became the victims of gunners, greedy for market gains, while the farmers foolishly allowed them to do so.
4 North America had an abundant and luxurious flora and fauna, which was systematically destroyed by greedy gunners. Unfortunately, even the farmers failed to prevent them from such destruction.
A Listen to the recording and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.
B Listen to the recording and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.
A You will hear a recording about the brain. At the end of the recording, the last word or group of words has been replaced by a beep. Select the correct option to complete the recording.
B You will hear a recording about money. At the end of the recording, the last word or group of words has been replaced by a beep. Select the correct option to complete the recording.
A You will hear a recording. Below is a transcription of the recording. Some words in the transcription differ from what the speakers) said. As you listen, circle the words that are different.
There is much debate whether or not pleasure is experienced by other animals. There are those who consider pleasure to be a truly human experience. Some of these thinkers have postulated that to pre-scribe any human experience, including pleasure, to animals is a form of anthropomorphism. Others view animal behaviour as being responsible to different stimuli and to act accordingly. There are still others who will argue that it is impossible to know whether animals truly experience emotion. However, a majority of scientists do accept that animals have the ability to experience emotions, but state that these are not the same as human emotions.
B You will hear a recording. Below is a transcription of the recording. Some words in the transcription differ from what the speaker(s) said. As you listen, circle the words that are different.
It came as bolt from the blue, to learn that the world's cattle population of 1,530 million plays a bigger role in effecting global warming than all of the world's cars taken together. This is no trick; a United Nations report not only makes such a shocking claim but also backs it up with the required data. And just as they say, 'Desperate times demand desperate measures', this alarming confusion has prompted the British government to take some time off from other significant issues, to debate the momentous question pertaining to the implementation of a 'Flatulence Tax' on all cattle and sheep. This is their weak attempt to curb the burgeoning number of cattle. It just seems that the British are taking clue from the New Zealanders, who had implemented a tax of NZ $10 per animal three years back, much to the consternation of its large farming community.
You will hear some sentences. Write each sentence exactly as you hear it. Write as much of each sentence as you can. You will hear each sentence only once.