IELTS MASTER | Test12 Listening

Listening



Section 1: Summarize spoken text

A You will hear a short lecture. Write a summary for a fellow student who was not present at the lecture. You should write 50-70 words.

You will have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points presented in the lecture.

Answer

Answer: Black hole is a region of space in which the gravitational field is so powerful that nothing can escape after falling into it. Even electromagnetic radiation light for example - cannot escape the pull. A black hole can be detected when it interacts with matter outside the event horizon, the boundary of black hole. Einstein's Theory of General Relativity postulated that a large amount of mass is present within a small space and all parts through space are pulled inward toward the centre of the mass, forcing all matter and radiation to fall inward. Proponents of quantum mechanics, however, believe that a black hole does not hold the matter forever but slowly leaks it in the form of thermal energy. Black holes of different sizes are classified as super massive, intermediate mass, stellar mass or micro black holes. NASA GLAST satellite had to search for micro black holes as one of its tasks. Black holes are also classified on the basis of their angular momentum and electric charge. Black holes rotate because the stars they are formed from rotate. They mostly spin very rapidly because they retain the angular momentum of the star they were formed from. But there are a few non-rotating black holes also. The effects of a charged rotating black hole are more complicated but the final result is not different from a non-rotating one. In both cases the falling object is absorbed.



B You will hear a short lecture. Write a summary for a fellow student who was not present at the lecture. You should write 50-70 words..

You will have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points presented in the lecture.

Answer

Answer: One's social life reflects what one essentially is one's interests, compassion, love, vitality. Essentially this is one's attitude to life. This is what enables a person to discover and rediscover friendships, associations, engagements and the like. Such attitudes and inclinations are so innately personal yet are true across all strata of society. Today these very 'springs of life' are the most endangered in fast paced and segmented existence. And there are class divisions that prevent this vent to social life across all social strata. There is not much of fellow feeling today within and between social strata. The interests have shrunk; the compassion has dried up; the love is so narrowly defined; and the vitality is all but lost. In the poor and the lower middle classes, there is hardly any social life. The grinding routine of making a living has dried up any time or will to socialize. It is bed to work and back to bed routine. The social life at the other end of the spectrum is cut off in a routine of different type, quite remote from the reach of people at the other end. And this remoteness generates some sort of hostility from the 'other end'. The yawning gap, both economic and communicative, between the two classes, generates class hatred. Social life of the poor and the lower middle classes then has an essential ingredient the collective enjoyment and the social bonding in forming a pack, expressing their collective animosity towards the 'other' class, and, occasionally giving vent to their feelings in collective acts of violence.



Section 2: Multiple choice, choose multiple Answer

A Listen to the recording and Answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. You will need to select more than one response.

As per the recording, which of the following protections can be taken to ward off melanoma?

Answer

Answer: 5, 6



B Listen to the recording and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. You will need to select more than one response.

As per the recording, what records did the wise men in all ages keep?

Answer

Answer: 1, 5



Section 3: Fill in the blanks

A You will hear a recording. Write the missing words in each blank.

There are some pitfalls in this technology-induced education. All the experienced and veteran teachers are mostly teaching students who are a
(1) younger than the teachers. The students are more technologically savvy, and are more aware of the uses of technology. Teachers are less connected with technology and face certain (2) while trying to assimilate the technology in the classroom. It is especially difficult for teachers who have been teaching in the old ways for a long time to suddenly (3) a new way of teaching that they have never used before. It can sometimes make the teachers feel less competent and less 4) of themselves. Many schools and colleges also do not have proper facilities and resources to assimilate technology in the classroom. Yet both these problems are (5) in nature because the future for the human infrastructure (teachers) as well as (6) infrastructure (school and college campuses) is technology and technology alone.

Answer

Answer: 1-generation, 2-challenges, 3-incorporate, 4-sure, 5-transitory, 6-physical



B You will hear a recording. Write the missing words in each blank.

Even though many people believe in the (1) coal plays no role in diamond formation. Coal itself is a fossil fuel because it is formed from the remains of (2) and animals which lived millions of years ago. Now, diamonds are much much older than coal and definitely older than the earth's first land (3) . There is also other (4) to consider. First is the fact that coal originates in horizontally placed
(5) rock units. Diamonds, on the other hand, are found in vertical pipes filled with igneous rock.

Answer

Answer: 1-myth, 2-vegetation, 3-plant, 4-evidence, 5-sedimentary



Section 4: Highlight correct summary

A You will hear a recording. Choose the paragraph that best relates to the recording.

1 Greece has the largest number of islands as well as mountains and mountain ranges in Europe, including Mount Olympus, the fourth highest peak in Europe and the Pindus mountain range.

2 Mount Olympus, the highest mid-sea peak that rises 3000 m above sea level, is among the several mountain ranges in Greece, which also has a number of islands including the 250 km long Crete Island.

3 Greece is home to the fourth highest mid-sea peak in Europe, as well as to the Pindus mountain range, which has created several islands including the 250 km long Crete Island.

Answer

Answer: 3



B You will hear a recording. Choose the paragraph that best relates to the recording.

1 Tobacco and alcohol use are high risk factors for most type of oral cancers, including cancers of the head and neck, and should best be avoided.

2 Tobacco use in its various forms, including smoking, chewing, snuffing and passive smoking is a high risk factor for cancers of the oral cavity, but throat and lip cancers have different origins.

3 Oral cancers are non-communicative but are the direct result of substance abuse, including alcohol use beyond limits of moderation, tobacco use in various forms etc.

4 Though risk factors for oral cancer include alcohol use, ultraviolet rays of the sun and some other types of cancer, the number one risk factor remains tobacco use, which can add to the risk factors for lip cancer also.

Answer

Answer: 4



Section 5: Multiple choice, choose single Answer

A Listen to the recording and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

What does physical exercise achieve with regard to muscle cells?


Answer

Answer: 3



B Listen to the recording and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

How can we bring moral values to generate courage to fight "big scars" like Holocaust?


Answer

Answer: 3



Section 6: Select missing word

A You will hear a recording about the brain. At the end of the recording, the last word or group of words has been replaced by a beep. Select the correct option to complete the recording.



Answer

Answer: 2



B You will hear a recording about money. At the end of the recording, the last word or group of words has been replaced by a beep. Select the correct option to complete the recording.



Answer

Answer: 3



Section 7: Highlight incorrect words

A You will hear a recording. Below is a transcription of the recording. Some words in the transcription differ from what the speakers) said. As you listen, circle the words that are different.

Exercise is a solid means of improving motor skills, fitness and to gain bone strength and joint function. Exercise has positive effects upon muscles; it formulates the muscles. Aerobic exercises involve low levels of exertion in which the muscles are used at will below their maximum contraction strength for long periods. Aerobic exercises consume a mixture of fat, protein, and carbohydrates for energy, along with oxygen in a large measure. They involve short busts of higher intensity contractions and the body gains much strength. Skeleton muscle can carry more oxygen and contain aerobic activity.



Answer

Answer: formulates, maximum, busts, skeleton, contain



B You will hear a recording. Below is a transcription of the recording. Some words in the transcription differ from what the speaker(s) said. As you listen, circle the words that are different.

Neoclassicism held a strong position in architecture during the hundred year period between 1750 and 1850. It competed with neo-Gothic style which rose in popularity during the early 19th century. During early 19th century architecture was categorized by a variety of styles which only slightly recalled classicism or were unrelated. While classical architecture continued to play an important role for short periods of time during the 1920s it never gained dominance. With the advent of modalism in the early 1900s classical architecture as a whole has for the most part been left behind.



Answer

Answer: early, categorized short, gained, modalism



Section 8: Write from dictation

B You will hear some sentences. Write each sentence exactly as you hear it. Write as much of each sentence as you can. You will hear each sentence only once.

1.

2.

3.

4.



Answer

  • 1. Gravitational biology tries to understand the effect of gravity on living organisms.
  • 2. Beauty perceived by man alone of all the animals must be an expression of intelligence.
  • 3. Emotions are not composed of strata and conflicting pressures.
  • 4. Music gives expression without the help of representation.


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