A You will hear a short lecture. Write a summary for a fellow student who was not present at the lecture. You should write 50-70 words.
You will have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points presented in the lecture.
Answer: The ivy league is an athletic conference comprising eight private institutions of higher education located in the northeastern United States. The term is most commonly used to refer to those eight schools considered as a group. The term also has connotations of academic excellence selectivity on admissions and a reputation for social elitism. All of the ivy league’s institutions place near the top in the university rankings and rank within the top one percent of the world’s academic institutions in terms of financial endowment. Seven of the eight schools were founded during America’s colonial period the exception is Cornell which was founded in 1865. Ivy league institutions therefore account for seven of nine colonial colleges chartered before the American revolution. The ivies also are all located in the northeast region of the united states and are privately owned and controlled. Although many of them receive funding from the federal or state governments to pursue research only Cornell has state supported academic units termed statutory or contract colleges that are an integral part of the institution. The ivy league schools boast of enrolments that are much larger than typical schools colleges and have access to funding that could be the envy of the largest academic institutions across the world.
B You will hear a short lecture. Write a summary for a fellow student who was not present at the lecture. You should write 50-70 words.
You will hear a short lecture. Write a summary for a fellow student who was not present at the lecture. You should write 50-70 words.
Answer: As you all know autism is a childhood disorder and creates lots of problems for the parents of children autism suffering from it. The severity of symptoms varies from individual to individual. However the core symptoms of autism remain the same. The most blatant symptom of autism is the effect that it has on social interaction and relationships. The person faces noticeable problems in developing communications skills which may necessarily include eye to eye gazing, facial expressions and body posture. Almost all autistic children fail to form friendship with people of their age. Autistic children lack empathy that is they may have problem in understanding other’s feelings and emotions, pain and suffering. Mostly they display a lack of interest in enjoying things that other children take interest in. It can also commonly be seen that an autistic child cannot perceive the tone of another person in a correct manner. For instance he may not be able to understand humor. Autistic children show a significant delay in learning to talk. Autistic children have problem in continuing a conversation once it has started. Also children with autism focus on pieces rather than the whole. This means that they would focus on the wheel of a toy car rather than play with the toy car as a whole. They also display a need for sameness i.e. they are not mentally sound and are unable to communicate the pattern of their mind to others. This means that they face difficulty in letting go of the feelings that they show to others. They may also show a preoccupation with certain topics.
A Listen to the recording and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. You will need to select more than one response.
B Listen to the recording and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. You will need to select more than one response.
A You will hear a recording. Write the missing words in each blank.
B You will hear a recording. Write the missing words in each blank.
A You will hear a recording. Choose the paragraph that best relates to the recording.
1 Scientists have discovered fourteen different kinds of vitamins till date. The major vitamins among these are vita-min A, the B group, C, D, E and vitamin K.
2 Vitamins are very important in carrying out the chemical changes which happen within the cells of our bodies and are essential for the body to fight diseases that afflict it.
3 Dr. Casinir Funk and Dr. James Lind were among the pioneers in research on different kinds of vitamins and identified fourteen different kinds of vitamins.
4 For chemical reactions to take place smoothly in the body, we need minerals, vitamins and other life-giving substances.
5 Since vitamins are essential for human health, deficiency of a vitamin will likely cause some sort of disease. So, vita-min supplements are recommended.
B You will hear a recording. Choose the paragraph that best relates to the recording.
1 Breakfast is the most important meal of the day since we need to load up energy for activity throughout the day. So, we must not miss on the breakfast under any circumstances.
2 If you want to maintain good health, you must take proper breakfast, and must not treat eating as a hobby, nor as a stress buster.
3 Good food habits include eating healthy, avoiding unhealthy snacks, taking small meals at short intervals, chewing your food well and a good exercise regime to digest well and spend the excess calories.
4 If we miss on our breakfast, we might actually end up eating more or eating unhealthy because we shall then try to compensate the shortfall in other ways.
5 Healthy food habits are desirable for good health. We should not skip on breakfast, keep long gaps between two meals, treat eating as a stress buster and combine it with other activities.
A Listen to the recording and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.
B Listen to the recording and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.
A You will hear a recording about the brain. At the end of the recording, the last word or group of words has been replaced by a beep. Select the correct option to complete the recording.
B You will hear a recording about money. At the end of the recording, the last word or group of words has been replaced by a beep. Select the correct option to complete the recording.
A You will hear a recording. Below is a transcription of the recording. Some words in the transcription differ from what the speaker(s) said. As you listen, circle the words that are different.
Human overpopulation refers to the point in which a group precedes the carrying capacity of the region occupied by that group. This also refers to the relationship between the entire human population and its environment, chiefly the Earth, or to smaller geological areas, such as countries, states and provinces. Overpopulation can be the result of several reasons or collection of reasons. These reasons include an increase in births, decline in morality rates, increase in immigration, or a decrease of resources. It is entirely possible for scarcely populated areas to become overpopulated should the area have poor capabilities to retain life, such as desert or sub-polar regions.
B You will hear a recording. Below is a transcription of the recording. Some words in the transcription differ from what the speaker(s) said. As you listen, circle the words that are different.
Demographic transition considers both birth rate and death rate and refers to the translation from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates which a country develops when it moves from a pre-industrial to an industrial system of economy. This is demonstrated through a demographic transition model or DTM. The theory behind this is based on an extension of demographic history developed in 1929 by demographer Warren Thompson. It was Thompson who observed transitions in both the birth and death rates in industrialized societies over a course of 300 years. Accordingly, most developed countries are in stage 3 or 4 of the model. Most developing countries have reached stage 2 or 3. The expectations are chiefly in poor sub-Saharan America as well as some Middle Eastern countries. These poorer countries are critically affected because of government policy as well as civil strike.
You will hear some sentences. Write each sentence exactly as you hear it. Write as much of each sentence as you can. You will hear each sentence only once.